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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 3 Adjusting the Accounts ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 1. (a) Under the time period assumption, an accountant is required to determine the relevance of each business transaction to specific accounting periods. (b) An accounting time period of one year in length is referred to as a fiscal year. A fiscal year that extends from January 1 to December 31 is referred to as a calendar year. Accounting periods of less than one year are called interim periods. 2. The two generally accepted accounting principles that relate to adjusting the accounts are: The revenue recognition principle, which states that revenue should be recognized in the accounting period in which it is earned. The matching principle, which states that efforts (expenses) be matched with accomplishments (revenues). 3. The law firm should recognize the revenue in April. The revenue recognition principle states that revenue should be recognized in the accounting period in which it is earned. 4. Information presented on an accrual basis is more useful than on a cash basis because it reveals relationships that are likely to be important in predicting future results. To illustrate, under accrual accounting, revenues are recognized when earned so they can be related to the economic environment in which they occur. Trends in revenues are thus more meaningful. 5. Expenses of $4,500 should be deducted from the revenues in April. Under the matching principle efforts (expenses) should be matched with accomplishments (revenues). 6. No, adjusting entries are required by the revenue recognition and matching principles. 7. A trial balance may not contain up-to-date information for financial statements because: (1) Some events are not journalized daily because it is not efficient to do so. (2) The expiration of some costs occurs with the passage of time rather than as a result of daily transactions. (3) Some items may be unrecorded because the transaction data are not known. 8. The two categories of adjusting entries are deferrals and accruals. Deferrals consist of prepaid expenses and unearned revenues. Accruals consist of accrued revenues and accrued expenses. 9. In the adjusting entry for a prepaid expense, an expense is debited and an asset is credited. 10. No. Depreciation is the process of allocating the cost of an asset to expense over its useful life in a rational and systematic manner. Depreciation results in the presentation of the book value of the asset, not its market value. 11. Depreciation expense is an expense account whose normal balance is a debit. This account shows the cost that has expired during the current accounting period. Accumulated depreciation 3-1 is a contra asset account whose normal balance is a credit. The balance in this account is the depreciation that has been recognized from the date of acquisition to the balance sheet date....
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This note was uploaded on 05/20/2008 for the course ACCOUNTING ACC102 taught by Professor Murphy during the Spring '07 term at Monroe CC.
- Spring '07