ch04 - CHAPTER 4 Completing the Accounting Cycle ANSWERS TO...

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CHAPTER 4 Completing the Accounting Cycle ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 1. No. A worksheet is not a permanent accounting record. The use of a worksheet is an optional step in the accounting cycle. 2. The worksheet is merely a device used to make it easier to prepare adjusting entries and the financial statements. 3. The amount shown in the adjusted trial balance column for an account equals the account balance in the ledger after adjusting entries have been journalized and posted. 4. The net income of $12,000 will appear in the income statement debit column and the balance sheet credit column. A net loss will appear in the income statement credit column and the balance sheet debit column. 5. Formal financial statements are needed because the columnar data are not properly arranged and classified for statement purposes. For example, a drawing account is listed with assets. 6. (1) (Dr) Individual revenue accounts and (Cr) Income Summary. (2) (Dr) Income Summary and (Cr) Individual expense accounts. (3) (Dr) Income Summary and (Cr) Owner’s Capital (for net income). (4) (Dr) Owner’s Capital and (Cr) Owner’s Drawing. 7. Income Summary is a temporary account that is used in the closing process. The account is debited for expenses and credited for revenues. The difference, either net income or loss, is then closed to the owner’s capital account. 8. The post-closing trial balance contains only balance sheet accounts. Its purpose is to prove the equality of the permanent account balances that are carried forward into the next accounting period. 9. The accounts that will not appear in the post-closing trial balance are Depreciation Expense; Jennifer Shaeffer, Drawing; and Service Revenue. 10. A reversing entry is the exact opposite, both in amount and in account titles, of an adjusting entry and is made at the beginning of the new accounting period. Reversing entries are an optional step in the accounting cycle. 11. The steps that involve journalizing are: (1) journalize the transactions, (2) journalize the adjusting entries, and (3) journalize the closing entries. 12. The three trial balances are the: (1) trial balance, (2) adjusted trial balance, and (3) post-closing trial balance. 4-1
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13. Correcting entries differ from adjusting entries because they: (1) are not a required part of the accounting cycle, (2) may be made at any time, and (3) may affect any combination of accounts. 4-2
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Questions Chapter 4 (Continued) * 14. The standard classifications in a balance sheet are: Assets Liabilities and Owner’s Equity Current Assets Current Liabilities Long-term Investments Long-term Liabilities Property, Plant, and Equipment Owner’s Equity Intangible Assets * 15. A company’s operating cycle is the average time required to go from cash to cash in producing revenues. The operating cycle of a company is the average time that it takes to purchase inventory, sell it on account, and then collect cash from customers. * 16.
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ch04 - CHAPTER 4 Completing the Accounting Cycle ANSWERS TO...

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