9.6 - 9/6 Too Many Suspects The causes of WWI Some Theory...

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9/6 Too Many Suspects: The causes of WWI Some Theory: Offense/Defense/The Security Dilemma First strike becomes less and less important in a Defense dominated world O/D can influence the intentions of potential adversaries -Anarchy -In a D world, it is less worrisome to have neighbors building up defense rather than offense -In an O world, it is difficult to discern which neighbors are aggressive, as all have offensive weapons Technology-the 6 shooter/poison dart example Importance of Geography-“head them off at the pass”: seizing the military advantage by means of the landscape. *Cold War-2 superpowers separated by a giant ocean was not favorable to surprise assault Vs *WWI-Germany and Britain naval race dealt with important choke points The July Crisis -Franz Ferdinand is assassinated -Germany offers a “blank check” of support to A-H -German diplomats are told to prepare a hard line stance backing A-H -A-H offers an incredibly harsh ultimatum to Serbia
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