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Unformatted text preview: Psychology What is Psychology? Science of behavior ad related mental and physiological processes (human & animal) Application of knowledge to problems What is adjustment? Managing/coping with the demands and challenges of everyday life. It involves a variety of psychological processes. Experimental research: Independent variable Manipulated by experimenter Examples of Experimental Research A psychologist studying memory wants to determine if a herbal supplement aids memory. 80 individuals complete a memory test. Half of these first consumed the herbal supplement, while the other half consumed a placebo pill. The independent variable is the fact that they are going to receive a pill. The closer the correlation coefficient is or 1 the stronger the relationship So a correlation of -.78 reflects a stronger correlation than 1 does. No testing over application chapter and improving academic performance. Personality: An individuals unique constellation of consistent behavioral traits. The stability in a persons behavior over time and across situations (consistency) Personality trait: A durable disposition to behave in a particular way in a variety of situations. The Big Five personality traits 1. Openness to Experience 2. Conscientiousness 3. Extraversion 4. Agreeableness 5. Neuroticism (emotionality) Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Developed the Psychoanalytic theory: Unconscious forces govern ones behavior Childhood experiences determine adult personality Sexual and aggressive urges shape personality Structure of Personality Id- pleasure principle...
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- Spring '08