Public Speaking Notes

Public Speaking Notes - Public Speaking Dr Rogers notes(I...

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Public Speaking– Dr. Rogers notes (I LIKE THIS DUDE) Communication is a process where by humans collectively create and regulate social reality. By process, we mean it occurs in real time. Humans are the only creatures that use language in a creative manner. Communication can regulate social reality such as SHUT UP, or any other command can show power. Model of Comm (Encode) (Decode) Sender--->Receiver Channel Don’t Plagiarize. Cite Sources (only 1 website Citation, not wikipedia). The most basic level of communication is called Intrapersonal communication which is communication that happens within you. Women to a much greater degree than men, plan. The accurate predictor is the one who comes out on top. The 2 nd level is interpersonal, which examines the relationship of two people. The 3 rd level is small group communication which is generally 3-8 people working towards a common goal. The next level is public speaking, which is defined as 9 or more people. The kick in the pants of public speaking is that you only have one speaker. You do not ask anything of your audience or for interaction. The last level of comm. Is mass communication broadcast through media networks. Examples such as TV, Radio, Internet. The only thing is it doesn’t have immediate feedback. Some functions of communications. Through communication we attempt to meet our social needs. As humans we like to have contact or else we feel isolated. Another function is through communication we develop a sense of self, that sense of self is based on others feedback. Another function is that through communication we comply with or defy social convention. Another function is that through communication we define our relationships. Through communication we persuade. Persuasive skills manifest around age 6. Before that they work through coercion. Listening behaviors and skills help in communication because it makes up about 42% of the entire communication process because it is required to get feedback. Reasons to listen include, to help the speaker relax, to show that we are open to the speakers ideas, to try to figure out the main points of the persons dialogue. Ways to demonstrate that we are paying attention. One is to make eye contact, another is to nod and make movements that will show your reaction, and to say something that may make a point that draws attention to an idea, and use echoing words such as uh-huh, yeah, or ok or ask about what they were talking about to make sure you are positive about what they are talking about. Different levels of listening include the most basic which is called appreciative listening, the next up is Empathetic listening (listening for support of others) that uses filler words such as MAN! WOW! REALLY?, the next up is comprehensive listening which is the classroom lecture mode of listening for trigger words like important notation and finding the meaning of their speech. Lastly, comes critical listening, which is listening for the purpose of accepting or rejecting a message. In critical listening, every word and pause and action has meaning to the
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