Notes- Interracial Dynamics

Notes- Interracial Dynamics - Interracial Dynamics...

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Interracial Dynamics Notes-Fall 2006 Professor Ortiz—Social Construction of Race, Race Matters! 10/10- 10/12 Key Concepts: Biological argument regarding race Social construction of race Racism Racial classification Racialization I. Biological Argument Physical differences b/w groups can be used to sort humans into distinct  groups Racial groups inherit intellectual and temperamental characteristics that  differentiate them from each other Hierarchy makes some inferior and some superior (light skinned Europeans  at the top- dark skinned Africans at the bottom) II. What do we now believe? According to biologists, physical scientists, social scientists  race is  socially  constructed An invention of a particular culture or society which exists b/c people behave  as if it exists Social constructions are a part of, or sometimes, the entirety of lived reality III. Are racial characteristics genetic? Yes—skin color, etc. affected by genes o But that is a small part of a very complex genetic makeup
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Interracial Dynamics Notes-Fall 2006 That genetic piece is unrelated to other genetic aspects Meaning that the genetic piece that makes us darker/lighter skinned is  unrelated to other characteristics IV. What might be the extent of group differences? Differences are minor—characteristics are overlapping V. What are the implications of race being socially constructed? Racial Categories not correlated with biological differences Difficult to define and subjective Meaning varies by time and place Not categorical but rather continuous As much overlap as there are differences VI.   Racial Classification vs. Racialization Racial Classification o The process by which we group persons based on physical  characteristics o But not necessarily positive or negative Racialization o The process by which we attach social meaning to racial categories o Making some positive and some negative, thus creating privilege or  disadvantage Examples of racialization o West Indians (Waters) o Jews and Irish historically VII. Racism
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Interracial Dynamics Notes-Fall 2006 Beliefs, practices, and systems that serve to make some racial groups  disadvantaged and other groups privileged VIII. Race in the US Historically o Racism prevalent o Justifies economic exploitation Today o Overt racism reduced by legal intervention— ended de jure  segregation and discrimination  o More subtle and indirect—racist institutions, personal actions Occurs at various levels IX. Difference between race and ethnicity- definitions are salient, subjective Race refers primarily to groups that differ on physical characteristics
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Notes- Interracial Dynamics - Interracial Dynamics...

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