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HW A- China1.Sui Dynasty- (589-618CE) China regained its unity, which was present before the collapse of the Han Dynasty. Sui emperors extended the canal system in China by approximately 1,200 miles, connecting Northern and Southern China economically. However, Sui emperors aimlessly attacked Korea, using up the country’s resources and alienating the people, thus leading to the fall of the empire. 2.Tang Dynasty(618-907 CE) Built on the same unity of the Sui dynasty, and added to theChinese culture and lives. They built a political state structure split into 6 parts: Personal, Finance, Rites, Army, Justice, and Public works. They were kept in check by the esorate, whom watched the government closely.3.Song Dynasty(960-1279) During this time period, there was an economic revolution in China. The population increased to 120 million by 1200 C.E. This led to several agricultural achievements, including the creation of fast ripening, drought resistant rice from Vietnam. The population headed towards the city, making China the most urbanizedcountry.4.Confucianism- a religion that exercised order in the society. People were supposed to have respect for their superiors, as discussed in the Five Relations, and kept social classesalive. 5.Tribute system- an established system in which nomads were able to enter a limited Chinese life. 1. Why are the centuries of the Tang and Song Dynasties in China sometimes referred to as a “golden age”? 1.Politically, the Tang and Song dynasties built a state structure based on the civil service exam that endured for a thousand years.2.Tang and Song dynasty China experienced an economic revolution that made it the richest empire on earth.3. Population grew rapidly, from 50 million 60 million people during the Tang dynasty to 120 million by 1200, spurred in part by a the canal sytstems.4. massive urbanization led to an increase in advanced manufacturing techniques, including the invention of printing and gunpowder, along with innovations in navigation and shipbuilding (junks) that led the world.5. KEY The economy of China became the most highly commercialized in the world, producing for the market rather than for local consumption.2. In what ways did women’s lives change during the Tang and Song dynasties? 1. Chinese women in the Tang dynasty, at least in the north, had participated in social life with greater freedom than in classical times. This was partly because of the influence of Buddhism.2. But the revival of Confucianism and rapid economic growth during the Song dynasty resulted in patriarchal restrictions on women; foot binding.3.In the textile industry, urban workshops and state factories replaced the work of rural women.
4.The growing prosperity of elite families funneled increased numbers of women into roles as concubines, entertainers, courtesans, and prostitutes.