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Singer-Chang Quiz Questions #2 - PSYCH QUIZ QUESTIONS#2 –...

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PSYCH QUIZ QUESTIONS #2 – SINGER-CHANG 1. What are the components of personality? 1. Genetic 2. Temperament 3. Character 4. Social construction 2. What is a personality ds? A chronically maladaptive pattern of interpersonal functioning; habitual patterns of thought, feeling, and action that repeatedly result in significant social impairment and/or personal distress 3. How do you treat personality ds? Long-term psychotherapy to help restructure personality; limited success w/ meds 4. What are the major theories of personality? 1. Psychoanalytic/dynamic 2. Psych-social 3. Gestalt 4. Humanistic/person-centered 5. Cognitive behavioral 6. Adlerian 7. Existentialism 8. Social learning 5. What is Freud’s personality structure? 1. Id: basic want, pleasure principle 2. Ego: mediates between internal & external worlds, creative ways of getting needs met 3. Superego: social values/morals 6. What are some defense mechanisms? 1. Repression 2. Denial 3. Projection: project onto other people qualities you don’t like about yourself or you feel are inconsistent with yourself 4. Reaction formation: something about yourself that is hard to accept so you compensate for it 5. Displacement: take things out on others (i.e bad day at work so kick the dog when get home) 6. Rationalization: rationalize-away actions 7. Regression: more child-like state 8. Sublimination: channel aggressive impulses into something that is helpful 7. Who is Melanie Klein? Disciple of Freud who theorized that we internalize experiences by organizing perceptions in certain basic ways and it is those who have trouble doing that that end up with having experiences organized around a primitive way of seeing the world in black & white which becomes very ineffective in adulthood 8. What is psycho-social development? Resolving conflicts of trust, autonomy, initiative, industry, identity, intimacy, generativity, ego integrity 9. What are the stages of separation- individuation in the psychoanalytic/object theory? 1. Normal infant autism 2. symbiosis 3. Separation-individuation (hatching, practicing/ambitendency, rapproachment) 4. On the road to object constancy 1
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10. What are the levels of personality organization? Psychotic level (normal infant autism): need for safety Neurotic level (symbiosis): need for attunement separation- individuation: need for mirroring 11. What was D.W. Winnicott’s theory of developmental factors? Good Enough Mothering: believed that inevitable disappointments in parenting cause child to look for independence; if it doesn’t happen gradually or if the child experiences too many disappointments, they will develop a false-self 12. What was Otto Kernberg’s theory of developmental factors? Make early disappointments OK 13. What was John Bowlby’s theory of developmental factors?
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