Pysc230theories - Exploring Lifespan Development Chapter 1...

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Exploring Lifespan Development Chapter 1 Notes: History, Theory, and Research Strategies Theories Psychoanalytic Perspective: people move through a series of stages in which they confront and resolve conflicts between biological drives and social expectations. Contributions: importance of one’s life history to development, Limitations: no longer the mainstream Psychosexual Theory:Freud (1856-1939) emphasizes how parents manage their child’s sexual and aggressive drives in the first few years are crucial for healthy development. Freud’s theory states there are three parts of personality: id, ego, and superego. Freud believed that during childhood impulses shift the focus from oral to genital to anal and that parents must carefully balance the amount gratification. Freud’s theory could only be applied to sexually repressed Victorian Era women. Stages of development are found in Table 1.2 Id: the largest portion of the mind, source of basic biological needs and desires Ego: conscious, rational part of personality Superego: conscience develops through interaction with parents Psychosocial Theory:Erickson (1902-1994) emphasizes that in addition to balancing between id and superego the ego acquires attitudes ands skills that make the individual an active member of society. Erickson’s stages are similar to Freud’s with the addition of three adult stages. Table
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Pysc230theories - Exploring Lifespan Development Chapter 1...

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