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introtoCSCL - Scardamalia Bereiter on"Computer support for...

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Scardamalia & Bereiter on "Computer support for knowledge-building communities" Introduction "ICTs [Information and Communications Technology] could be the 'magic bullet' that revolutionizes teaching and learning for the Knowledge Age. However, when they are simply ‘added into’ our current Industrial Age system, this is very unlikely. If we want them to help us change our teaching practices, we need to take a step back. We need to take another look at our schools in the light of what they need to be able to do to prepare people for life in the Knowledge Society. We need to go back to some very basic questions, to ask ourselves what we think schools are for; what we think our schools should teach; why we think they should teach this; and what we think it means if students do not learn these things." Gilbert, J. (2007). Knowledge, the disciplines, and learning in the Digital Age. Educational Research for Policy and Practice, 6 (2), 115-122. Major Points from the article Central thesis "Schools need to be restructured as communities in which the construction of knowledge is supported as a collective goal, and the role of educational technology should be to replace classroom discourse patterns with those having more immediate and natural extensions to knowledge-building communities outside school walls. ... The focus is on restructuring schools so that they become the kinds of environments that support the process of expertise, in particular progressive problem solving as it applies to competence and understanding." Goal: Escape the pattern of reinventing the familiar with educational technology. "We argue that the classroom needs to foster transformational thought, on the part of both students and teachers, and that the best way to do this is to replace classroom-bred discourse patterns with those having more immediate and natural extensions to the real world, patterns whereby ideas are conceived, responded to, reframed, and set in historical context." "Our goal is to create communication systems in which the relations between what is said and what is written, between immediate and broader audiences, and between what is created in the here and now and archived are intimately related and natural extensions of school-based activities, much as these processes are intertwined and natural extensions of activities conducted in scholarly disciplines." Knowledge-building discourse and technology support
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Research Foundation for CSILE (coumputer-supported intentional learning environments) Intentional learning Important kinds of school learning appear not to take place unless the student is actively trying to achieve a cognitive objective - as distinct from simply trying to do well on school tasks or activities. Process aspect of expertise
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