Napoleon Bonaparte and his troop discovered the Rosetta Stone on a military expedition in Egypt. Now in the British Museum, the Rosetta Stoneprovided an essential key to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphicwriting.Scholars deduced that the hieroglyphics were not simply pictographs, but instead the signs of a once-spoken language whose traces survived in Coptic, thelanguage of Christian Egypt.In the Egyptian creation story, the creator god, Amen, appeared on a muddy mound that rose out of the limitless waters. He brought light to the world that previously existed alone in the darkness. As the supreme god, Amen created the first of the other gods and goddesses of Egypt. He first produced Shu and Tefnut, who gave birth to Geb and Nut. Those two later bore Osiris, Seth, Isis, and Nephthys. In the myth of Osiris, the god of order, his brother, the god of chaos, murdered him and cut him into pieces, scattering the pieces throughout Egypt. Isis succeeded in collecting the body parts and used magic to bring him back, and eventually had a son, Horus. Horus displaced Seth as king of Egypt in order to avenge his father. From there, Egyptians identify the living kings with Horus, then with Osiris in the afterlife.