Unformatted text preview: Class Bacillariophyta Diatoms Division Chrysophyta Photosynthesis, 15 microns Range: sunlit oceans and freshwater worldwide Division Dinoflagellata Dinoflagellates Enteromorpha linza Division Chlorophyta Habitat High to mid tidal, on rocks, mudflats, algae, or free floating. Range Alaska to Mexico Chaetomorpha linum Division Chlorophyta Habitat High to mid
tidal, shady banks for flat rocks lining sandy tidepools or floating. Range Marin County to San Diego County (CA) Spongomorpha coalita Division Chlorophyta Habitat low intertidal, saxicolous or occasionally epiphytic. Range Alaska to San Luis Obispo County, CA Ulva expansa Division Chlorophyta Habitat low intertidal to subtidal, weakly attached to rocks or epiphytic. Commonly free floating in sheltered water Range British Columbia to Baja CA Ulva lactuca Division Chlorophyta Habitat upper intertidal to subtidal. Occasionally on rocks and other algae. Floating on mudflats in lagoons. Range Bering Sea to Chile Codium fragile Dead Man's Fingers Division Chlorophyta Habitat intertidal zones Range pacific coasts, alaska through cape horn Made up of ONE cell but many nuclei Zostera sp. Eelgrass Kingdom plantae Habitat sandy substrates within estuaries Stuffing material and stabilizing substrate Range Alaska to Baja CA Phyllospadix sp. Surf grass Kingdom plantae Marine plant has flowers from terrestrial ancestors. Sandy shallows and rocky intertidals Juvenile fish home and at Leo Carillo Range Alaska to Baja CA Rhodymenia californica Division Rhodophyta Habitat Lower intertidal, subtidal. Shaded rocks, abundant in CA Range British Columbia to Mexico Corallina vancouveriensis Division Rhodophyta Habitat Intertidal, common CA Calcerous thallus remains after death CaCO3 important to coral reefs in similar algae Range Aleutian Islands to Galapagos Gelidium coulteri Division Rhodophyta Habitat intertidal and tufts on mussels. Range Washington to Baja CA Iridaea sp. Division Rhodophyta Habitat midtidal to low intertidal, conspicuous. Range Alaska to N. Baja CA Gigartina exasperata Division Rhodophyta Habitat subtidal, saxicolous on rocky headlands Range British Columbia to Baja CA Smithora naiadium Division Rhodophyta Habitat lower intertidal, epiphytic exclusively on Phyllospadix and Zostera Range British Columbia to Baja CA Eisenia sp. Southern Sea Palm Division Phaeophyta Habitat Subtidal groves Range N. British Columbia to Mexico Pterygophora californica Division Phaeophyta Habitat Inter/subtidal. Saxicolous. Range British Columbia to Baja CA Pelvetia fastigiata Division Phaeophyta Habitat midtidal, on rocks. Range British Columbia to Baja CA Leathesia difformis Division Phaeophyta Habitat upper intertidal to mid tidal, saxicolous or epiphytic Range Bering Sea to Baja CA Sargassum muticum Division Phaeophyta Habitat lower intertidal to subtidal, saxicolous Introduced from japan on shells of oysters Damages native ecosystems Range British Columbia to San Diego County, CA Colpomenia peregrina Division Phaeophyta Habitat lower intertidal Saxicolous or epiphytic Range Alaska to La Jolla, CA Cystoseira osmundacea Division Phaeophyta Habitat lower intertidal to subtidal, occasionally on rocks Often near Macrocystis Range Oregon to Baja CA Macrocystis pyrifera Division Phaeophyta Habitat structural component of kelp forests Thallus up to 45m Rocky substrate, large holdfast 30cm growth a day Range Alaska to Baja CA Egreria menziesii Division Phaeophyta Habitat midtidal to subtidal With Macrocystis Saxicolous Range Alaska to Baja CA Aurelia juveniles (Moon Jellyfish) Larval stages Planula free swimming, ciliated larva that finds hard place and cannot feed itself. Scyphistoma sessile polyp Strobila stack of disks that will break free to form medusa Ephyra last stage. Free swimming medusa that grows into adult jellyfish Zooplankton Looks like fleas Porifera Transparent Cnidaria Radial symmetry Annelida 1A) cross center of segment 2A) Parapodia with setae Euplectella aspergillum Phylum prorifera Class Hexactinellida Habitat deep ocean Gift in Asian and Victorian cultures Construction of spicules part of fiber optics Symbiotic with shrimp (glass sponges) SiO2 Spicules Class Demospongiae Spongin fibers (protein) Class Calcarea CaCO3 spicules Phylum Cnidaria:Class Anthozoa Assorted hermatypic corals Eugorgia rubens Common name: Purple Gorgonian Purple or white branches with white polyp, interwoven pattern Range California to Baja CA Habitat attaches to rocks in depths 80100ft Lophogorgia sp. Common name: Red gorgonian, seafan Phylum Cnidaria Class Anthozoa Uses prostaglandins as chemical defense Red branches, white polyps Snails live on it and feed on it Gorgonin forms corals central skeleton, living tissue forms a layer on surface Muricea californica Common name: California golden gorgonian Thick brown branches with yellow polyps Rings form annually Each colony separate sex Range Point Conception, CA to Baja CA Habitat on rocks or hard substrate, 40100ft depth Renilla kollikeri Sea Pansy Class Anthozoa Colony formed from asexual individual Bioluminescent Range Santa Barbara to Baja CA Habitat sand flats Anthopleura sp. Green Anemone Class Anthozoa Green from endosymbiotic algae High numbers Metridium senile Metridium Class Anthozoa Phylum Cnidaria Aglaophenia struthionides Ostrich plume hydroid Class hydrozoa Lacks free swimming medusae stage unlike other hydrozoans Range Alaska to Baja CA Habitat hard substrate, rocky intertidal, up to 500ft depth Stylaster californicus California hydrocoral Class hydrozoa Calcareous skeleton Pink to dark blue Range N. CA to Baja CA Habitat rocky substrate 40175 ft depth Physalia physalis Portuguese manofwar Class hydrozoa Pneumatophore float, gas filled bladder Dactylozooids tentacles Gastrozooids feeding zooids Gonozooids gamete production Symbiotic with fish like clownfish Velella velella Bythewind sailor Class hydrozoa Floats at surface using sail of chitinous material of cellophane texture Deep blue pigment in tissues Float has air chambers for bouyancy Rhizostoma sp. Class scyphozoa Fast swimmers Oral arms have canals that filter food from water Weak nematocysts Range throughout Pacific Ocean Habitat pelagic Scrippsia pacifica Red eye jellyfish Class scyphozoa 256 tentacles from bell Red ocelli (eye spots) on bases of smaller tentacles Range N CA to Baja CA Habitat pelagic and on surface Aurelia aurita Moon Jelly Class Scyphozoa Swims to stay on surface Horseshoe shaped stomach pouches and purplish gonads Range all coastal oceans Habitat on surface Pleurobrachia sp. Sea gooseberry Phylum ctenophora Range west coast CA waters Beroe sp. Comb jelly Phylum Ctenophora Vertical diel migration Leech Phylum Annelida Class Hirudinea Habitat terrestrial, freshwater, marine Used for bloodletting b/c of anticlotting enzyme Nereis sp. Phylum Annelida Class Polychaeta Free swimming scavenger Proboscis feeding Secretes mucus that can harden for protection Habitat marine Aphrodita sp. Sea mouse Phylum Annelida Class Polychaeta Observed on rocks by sailors so named after Aphrodite Carnivores of polychaetes Ophiodromus pugettensis Phylum Annelida Class Polychaeta Lives in grooves of bat star Commensalism, up to 20 worms can live in one bat star Phragmatopoma sp. Honeycomb worm Phylum Annelida Class Polychaeta Forms massive aggregations on CA coast rocks Membranipora tuberculata Bryozoan Phylum Bryozoa Can encrust entire kelp blade Individual (zooid) lives in box shaped compartment of CaCO3 and chitin Larva bivalve swimmer Food source for sea slugs and fish Lopophore U shaped or circular ring of ciliated tentacles used for filter feeding it extends for food ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2008 for the course EE BIOL 109 taught by Professor Cassano during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.
- Winter '08