MIDTERM - Psychology 1504 Positive Psychology Spring 2006...

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Psychology 1504: Positive Psychology Spring 2006 – Midterm Exam Professor Tal Ben-Shahar Directions : 30 multiple choice questions (1pt. each) and 4 short answer questions (5pts. each). **All answers should be recorded on the separate answer sheet.** GOOD LUCK! Multiple Choice: 1. Maslow writes about D-love and B-love; the “D” in D-love stands for: A. dependency. B. diffusive. C. deficiency. D. dysfunctional. E. demonstrative. 2. According to Maslow, we should study "the best" to understand human potential. This approach to research is called: A. the exception proves the rule. B. the growing tip statistic. C. paragon mentality. D. practical idealism. E. the greatness factor. 3. Which of the following is NOT one of Branden’s pillars of self-esteem? A. The practice of Self-Acceptance. B. The practice of Living Purposefully. C. The practice of Personal Integrity. D. The practice of Self-Assertiveness. E. The practice of Loving Others. 4. According to Branden in The Six Pillars of Self-Esteem , the greatest barrier to romantic relationships is: A. lack of communication. B. decreased sexual drive. C. D-cognition. D. happiness anxiety. E. different love languages. 5. According to Branden, what are the two components of self-esteem? A. Self-efficacy and self-respect. B. Self-acceptance and self-respect. C. Self-assertiveness and self-efficacy. D. Self-acceptance and self-assertiveness. E. Self-engagement and self-acceptance. 6. In Rosenthal’s Pygmalion in the Classroom study, he found that: A. students who were taught not to blame others performed better. B. students who were taught how to work hard performed better. C. students whose teachers were primed to believe in them performed better. D. students whose teachers felt these students could not succeed performed best.
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E. students with the highest IQs performed best. 7. In 1979, Professor Ellen Langer took a group of older men to a “1959” retreat. After role playing for one week as if they were living in 1959, researchers found all of the following to be true of the men, EXCEPT: A. longer fingers. B. increased flexibility. C. better hearing and sight. D. less of a need for partnership. E. increased memory. 8. Visualization can be an effective tool for cognitive therapy because: A. your mind wants consistency between your imagination and reality. B. the mind-body relationship measures the reliability of visualization, deciding if a goal is too lofty. C. your mind must be steadied before you can reach your goals. D. visualization prevents one from generalizing and catastrophizing. E. visualization facilitates an optimistic explanatory style. 9. All of the following are on Burns’ cognitive distortions list EXCEPT: A. Should statements. B.
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MIDTERM - Psychology 1504 Positive Psychology Spring 2006...

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