ARTHISTORYNOTES

ARTHISTORYNOTES - EGYPTIAN ARCHITECTURE EGYPTIAN ART...

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EGYPTIAN ARCHITECTURE 06/09/2007 18:07:00 EGYPTIAN ART Pyramids: Mykerinos, Chephren, Cheops (biggest) -They also serve to protect the soul. -Mykerinos seems a little bit disoriented because the program applied to a single  pyramid, not all of them. (like each pyramid’s sides are equal – program) -Built in the course of 75 years. -The Great Pyramids are the symbols of the sun -The pyramids are where Egyptian kings were reborn in the afterlife just as the sun is  reborn each day at dawn. -The Nile provided transportation for construction material. -Cheops: 2.3 million blocks precision (all sides are equal) interior is very complex symbolizes the power of afterlife *Grand Gallery was built with the “corbelled” technique: Mastaba -The standard type in Early Egypt
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-Rectangular brick or stone structure with sloping sides erected over an underground  burial chamber -They usually hosted a single burial but they started to house multiple burials (like  families) as time passed and therefore their interior became more complex. -resembles a palace but rooms lack doors -sand mound covers the burial pit -middle chamber is for the body Temple of Pitah -Entrance is guarded with Sphinxes -Entry gate with sloping walls -Pylon (huge hall with columns) -Sacred Lake (where Gods bathed and came back to life?) -The statue of God is removed in spring and washed for fest to wake the God up. Connecting God with the life giving source -Hipostlye room: hall full of columns (apostyle: room with no columns) tall columns in the middle and shorter columns on the sides Post and Lintel
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-Clerestorey: Bar like structure Allows light in Illuminates the walkway and the decorations of the columns
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GREEK ARCHITECTURE 06/09/2007 18:07:00 ACROPOLIS (Positions) Erectheum         Parthenon                 Propylaea                             Athena Nike ! Built to celebrate the Athenian Empire - All buildings are marble, rectangular and with columns. Acropolis -> ‘high city’ Polypolis -> ‘low city’ where people live 1) Parthenon - Its architects are Iktinos and Kalikrates
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- Persians destructed, rebuilt later -Major temple -columns surround it – peripteral colonnade -Statue of Athena in it (Sculptor: Phidias) -Order and Regularity are two important characteristics -Proportional Order: 4 x 9 -> Length x Width of stylobate 4 x 9 -> distance between columns x diameter of columns - Doric Columns are used -Although its proportion and regularity, the temple is also very ‘irregular’: The sylobate curves upwards in the middle like a dome The Doric columns are not straight angled. Widest part of the columns is right 
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This note was uploaded on 05/22/2008 for the course ART 105 taught by Professor Artdepartment during the Spring '08 term at Vassar.

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ARTHISTORYNOTES - EGYPTIAN ARCHITECTURE EGYPTIAN ART...

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