State Over Church Rule - Haley Lightfoot November 22, 2016...

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Haley LightfootNovember 22, 2016History 1002Dr. James HardyState Over Church RuleIn the Medieval centuries, there was no clear divide insecular politics and state-rule since the Church influenced law,and the state influenced the Catholic Church’s agenda. In fact,they were so intimately related that it was impossible to tellwhere one ended and the other began. The land across Europewas decentralized, so the boundaries of land ownership werehard to establish. Many lords and other authorities hadjurisdiction over the same people, places, and issues. Feudalismwas the accepted form of society, and this established a socialorder in the Middle Ages. The King ruled over all the land anddistributed sections of it to lords, vassals and barons, and in
return, the lords provided the king with their loyalty. The landwas then given to peasants for a taxed fee, and the peasantsworked the land and provided services for the town and theoverseeing lord. The state struggled remain as the centralizedauthority, since the Church was rich and strong and possessedspiritual sanctions. Each authority vied for supreme power andcontrol over the entire kingdom.The Pope reigned as the head of the Catholic Church. TheChurch performed much like a separate unity in Europe andmuch like a king, the Pope ruled as he pleased. The Churchcontrolled and owned a lot of the land around Europe, had theirown education system, and followed their own law; they evenplayed a large role in the social economy of Europe. The Churchalso imposed their own taxes on the common people, along withaccepting indulgences, so family members could be sure a lovedone would exit purgatory and enter heaven. The Church was so
corrupt they constantly disobeyed clerical celibacy, and it wasrather accepted among the clergymen. During this time, theChurch attempted to maintain power through papal supremacy,

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Term
Fall
Professor
James Hardy
Tags
History, Magna Carta, John of England

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