Psych Midterm 2

Psych Midterm 2 - Psych Midterm 2 Personality- 3 main...

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Psych Midterm 2 05/11/2007 21:28:00 Personality-  3 main dimensions to personality introversion/extraversion stability/instability psychoticism (in contact with others, control impulses, cruel to others) An individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting four basic perspectives Psychoanalytic Humanistic Trait Social-cognitive Psychoanalysis - Freud’s psychoanalytic theory that attributes our thoughts and actions to  unconscious motives and conflicts techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret  unconscious tensions Unconscious-  According to Freud- a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings  and memories. Unconscious mind: right below water in the Iceberg. Contemporary viewpoint- information processing of which we are unaware Id “this feels good, I want it” contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy, it strives to satisfy basic  sexual and aggressive drives Ego-  the largely conscious, “executive” part of personality mediates among the demands of the id, superego and reality operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id’s desires in ways that will realistically bring  pleasure rather than pain Superego-  last part of personality to develop at 5 years old. Conscience.  Determined by surrounding culture. the part of personality that presents internalized ideals. It  provides standards for judgment and for future aspirations
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Psychosexual Stages Oedipal Complex Identification Fixation-  Fixation at Oral Stage     -fixations when over- or under gratified  -fixations: smoking, eating, kissing, oral hygiene, drinking, chewing gum -sublimations: seeking knowledge, humor, wit, sarcasm , being a good or wine expert  -reaction formations: speech purist, food faddist, prohibitionist, dislike of milk  Fixation at anal stage     -fixations: interest in bowel movements, love of bathroom humor,  extreme messiness  -sublimations: interest in painting or sculpture, being overly giving, great interest in statistics  -reaction formation: extreme disgust with feces, fear of dirt, prudishness, irritability  Fixation at Phallic Stage     -Fixations: heavy reliance on masturbation, flirtatiousness, expressions of virility -sublimations: interest in poetry, love of love, interest in acting, striving for success -reaction formation: puritanical attitude toward sex, excessive modesty Defense Mechanisms:  Freud’s defense mechanisms
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Psych Midterm 2 - Psych Midterm 2 Personality- 3 main...

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