Midterm Review

Midterm Review - Psychology 10/10/2007 7:11:00 PM Famous...

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Psychology 10/10/2007 21:11:00 Famous Names-  Wilhelm Wundt-  Established first formal lab for psychological research at the  University of Leipzig in 1879. First Psychology journal in 1881 John Watson-  Behaviorism: Scientific psychology should study only  observable behavior. The power of the scientific method rests on the idea of  verifiability. Also believes in Nature vs. Nurture B. F. Skinner-  Humans, like all animals, are controlled by their environment.  Behaviorism flourished as the dominant school of through from 1920’s to  1960’s.  Sigmund Freud-  Psychoanalysis, the Unconscious, Psychological  disturbances are caused by personal conflicts at an unconscious level.  Erik Erikson-  Psychosocial stages important, not psychosexual (Freud) o Lifespan development- contrast to freud (personality shaped in first 5  years) o 8 stages throughout life span o Each stage is a developmental task or crisis that a person must  negotiate Jean Piaget-  Fundamental stages in child hood and growing up Harry Harlow-  Cloth mom vs. Wire mom monkeys. Went to cloth moms but  grew up angry. Mary Ainsworth-  Attatchment (secure vs. insecure) Lawrence Kohlberg-  Developmental stages Charles Darwin-  o Theory of Evolution, Natural Selection favors behaviors that enhance  reproductive success, Examines behavior in terms of adaptive value  for species.   natural selection = the mechanism behind evolution
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“survival of the fittest” fitness = reproductive success of an organism
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Psychology 10/10/2007 21:11:00 The Scientific Method-   Theories lead to Hypothesis lead to research and observations generate or  refine (circle) Advantages: Clarity and precision, Relative intolerance of error, and tends to  yield more accurate and dependable information the casual observation of  armchair speculation. Critical Thinking- Research methods- Descriptive- To observe and record behavior, it’s conducted through case  studies, surveys, and naturalistic observations, Nothing is Manipulated. Correlation- To detect naturally occurring relationships; to assess how well 
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Midterm Review - Psychology 10/10/2007 7:11:00 PM Famous...

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