APUSH Unit 7 - APUSH Unit 7 WWI and Aftermath What were the...

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APUSH Unit 7: WWI and Aftermath What were the causes leading up to WWI? 1. Nationalism Extreme patriotism and borderline ethnocentricity Countries started to feel the need to prove themselves based on a newfound feeling of national superiority, leading to tension and conflict 2. Imperialism Imperialism is the militaristic expansion of empire This atmosphere of territorial dominance was started by England; colonies were seen as a sign of prestige and power As countries around the world all looked to increase their empires, they came into conflict with one another 3. Industrialism An economic organization of society built largely on mechanized industry Russia, France, and Great Britain had all had major industrial growth; invention of new chemicals, iron, steam, machine tools, etc. Competition for faster, stronger, more efficient machinery led to war 4. Militarism The desire of a country to maintain a strong military and to use it to defend and promote national interest Intensified European nations’ cultures; aggressive war-based propaganda Most countries were ruled by militaristic leaders Led to the rise of the arms race; new, mechanized weapons such as poison gases, machine guns, etc.made it much easier to kill people in war and create mass destruction Also created an atmosphere of war within individuals as well as nations 5. Anti-Semitism Prejudice against Jewish people as an ethnic or religious group As a way to promote national pride, governments promoted anti-Semitism Targeted the Jews because they were a minority everywhere , there were not very many of them, and they had been persecuted against for thousands of thousands of years (radicalized by Jesus’s death) Growing Jewish movement of Zionism, desire to create a protected separate Jewish state, increased anti-Semitism 6. The Alliance System The combination of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente ensures that if any sort of war breaks out in Europe, it will be full-blown no matter what The Triple Alliance Started as the Dual Alliance in 1879 Secret alliance made between Austro-Hungary and Germany Germany was aware that they upset the balance of power and wanted protection from the wrath of other countries Becomes the Triple Alliance in 1882 when they invite Italy to join
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Later called the Central Powers during the war The Reinsurance Treaty Alliance between Germany and Russia, saying that the two will never fight against each other if there is war between Germany and France When Wilhelm II fires Bismarck he does not renew this treaty because he is confident that he can dominate Tzar Nicholas II, his younger cousin, without a formal treaty, so Russia is left without allies… The Triple Entente Started as Entente Cordiale in 1904 between France and Russia Becomes the Triple Entente in 1907 when they invite England Later called the Allied Powers during the war 7. The Balkan Conflicts
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