APUSH Unit 4 - Unit 4 Antebellum America Before the Civil...

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Unit 4: Antebellum America Before the Civil War (1815-1861) Things to know about the South: -Cotton plantations -Yeoman farmers -Southern aristocracy/the slave trade Things to know about the North: -Industry (profit from the slave trade) -Market economy -Transportation advancements Things to know about the West: -Native-American removal -Texas and expansion of land (and slavery?) -Manifest Destiny The Era of Good Feelings A direct result of the end of the War of 1812 Reassertion of American sovereignty Marked by financial gain and political stability Election of 1816: Rufus King is the last federalist presidential candidate Federalist party on the decline; they had been against the War of 1812, which was such a success James Monroe is one of the first republican candidates Republican party is on a national incline following the war Monroe’s victory ushers in the Era of Good Feelings because it creates a one- party nation; ends the federalist party, creates political stability John Quincy Adams is Monroe’s Secretary of State Monroe’s Foreign Affairs: Spanish Florida Andrew Jackson captures and kills English spies in Pensicola Spanish government is angry; John Quincy Adams says that Spain should either control their land or they should sell it Organizes the American purchase of Florida for $5 million (1819) Declares Andrew Jackson the governor of the new U.S. territory The Panic of 1819
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Nationwide depression that lessens post-war confidence Increases sectional tensions, which are exacerbated by Missouri settlers Missouri Compromise (1820) Influx of settlers in Missouri, most of whom brought slaves with them; creates tension because the slave trade had been outlawed Senator James Talmadge creates an amendment to try and stop further settlement in Missouri and expansion of slavery, which fails because settlers in Missouri want rights to slaves and also want statehood (1819) Kentucky Senator Henry Clay is “the Great Compromiser” Compromise allows Missouri to join the Union as a slave state Balanced by the admittance of Maine as a free state (which had originally been a part of Massachussetts) Congress sets a physical restraining line for future slavery saying it cannot take place above the 36º 30’ parallel Intensified sectionalism because it literally set a line Clay also creates the American System Increases American self-sufficiency through the creation of roads, canals, bridges, a new national bank Monroe Doctrine (1823) Drawn up by Monroe and John Quincy Adams to handle foreign affairs 1. Western Hemisphere is no longer open to European colonization 2. United States will no longer stay out of European affairs 3.
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