PsychFinalreview - Final Exam- Psychology Medical Model-...

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Final Exam- Psychology 05/12/2007 21:09:00 Medical Model-  concept that diseases have physical causes can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured assumes that these “mental” illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their  symptoms and cured through therapy, which may include treatment in a psychiatric  hospital Bio-psycho-social perspective-  assumes that biological, sociocultural, and  psychological factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders Biological- evolution, individual genes, brain structures and chemistry Psychological- Stress, trauma, learned helplessness, mood-related perceptions and  memories Sociocultural- Roles, expectations, definition of normality and disorder DSM-IV - American Psychiatric Association’s  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental  Disorders  (Fourth Edition) a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders DSM Diagnosis: 5 Axes o Axis I = the primary clinical problem(s) o Axis II = personality disorders or chronic conditions o Axis III = medical conditions o Axis IV = social and environmental stressors o Axis V = global assessment of overall functioning (GAF) Why are there so many diagnoses? o Current edition of DSM: nearly 400 diagnoses o Clinical reasons: Precision for proper treatment o Economic reasons: insurance companies (medical model) Disadvantages: 
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o The danger of over-diagnosis o The power of diagnostic labels o The confusion of serious mental disorders with normal problems o The illusion of objectivity and universality Generalized Anxiety Disorder-  person is tense, apprehensive, and in a state of  autonomic nervous system arousal Panic Disorder-  marked by a minutes-long episode of intense dread in which a person  experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensation Phobia-  exaggerated fear of a specific situation, activity or thing Obsessive-compulsive disorder-  characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts  (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions) Post-traumatic stress disorder-  People who survive trauma Diagnosed only if symptoms persist for 6 months or more Recurrent, intrusive thoughts or dreams, psychic numbing, increased physiological  arousal Mood disorders-  characterized by emotional extremes Depression (major depressive disorder)-  a mood disorder in which a person, for no  apparent reason, experiences two or more weeks of depressed moods, feelings of  worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities. Around the world, women are more susceptible to depression. 
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This note was uploaded on 05/23/2008 for the course PSYC 2 taught by Professor Watson,cary during the Fall '07 term at Santa Clara.

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PsychFinalreview - Final Exam- Psychology Medical Model-...

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