Chapter 2

Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Logical Deduction- the process of...

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Chapter 2 Logical Deduction- the process of deriving a conclusion from premises already accepted. Here is an example: 1) all human beings are mortal 2) you are a human being 3) therefore, you are mortal Induction- the process of inferring a general principle from observations (science depends on induction) Scientific Theory- is more than a guess. It is an explanation that fits many observations and makes valid predictions. A good theory is one that withstands all attempts to falsify it and that is stated strongly. Well-formed theory is falsifiable- stated in such clear, precise terms that we can see what evidence would count against it. Hypothesis> Method to test hypothesis> 1) Results support hypothesis>Confidence in hypothesis enhanced >2) Results oppose hypothesis> Confidence in hypothesis diminished: hypothesis modified or discarded Replicable results are those that anyone can obtain, at least approximately, by following the same procedures, and scientists insist on replicable results. Metaanalysis- combines the results of many studies and analyzes them as though they were all one very large study Parsimony- we stick with ideas that work, and we don’t introduce new assumptions unless
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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Logical Deduction- the process of...

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