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AnatomyLab1answerkey

AnatomyLab1answerkey - LABTIMBDATE — I The Language of...

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Unformatted text preview: LABTIMBDATE —_ I The Language of Anatomy Surface Anatomy 1. For each of the numbered descriptions, write the equivalent key term or its letter in front of the description. Key: a. buccal c. cephalic e. patellar b. calcaneal (1. digital f. scapular M..— 1. cheek M 4. anterior aspect of knee flW—_ 2. pertaining to the fingers ML 5. heel of foot 3‘" scapular _ 3= shoulder blade region —.‘9" Cephalic 6- Perm-111mg [0 the head 2. Indicate the following body areas on the accompanying diagram by placing the correct key letter at the end of each line. Key: abdominal antecubital axillary brachjal cervical crural femoral fibula: gluteal inguinal lumbar occipital . oral popliteal pubic sural thoracic umbilical rte-9.0513 r—Fr-r'rqwrhnanp‘a 3. Classify each of the terms in the key of question 2 above into one of the large body regions indicated below. Insert the appropriate key letters on the answer blanks. 1" 9' d'f' 3‘ h' “'p _ 1. appendicular —.__—a' 3’ i’j' k' 1' m’ 0' q’ r 2. axial Body Orientation, Direction, Planes, and Sections 4. Describe completely the standard human anatomical position. Standing 9795M?” mgflher- head “WINS POI-1Wd forward, arm: hanging a: sides with palm forward. 5_ 13.3fmc section. A car along an imaginary plane through the body wall or organ. 6. Several incomplete statements are listed below. Correctly complete each statement by choosing the appropriate anatomical term from the key. Record the key letters and/or terms on the correspondingly numbered blanks below. Key: a. anterior d. inferior g. posterior j. superior b. distal e. lateral h. proximal k. transverse c. frontal f. medial i. sagittal In the anatomical position, the face and palms are on the L body surface; the buttocks and shoulder blades are on the _2 body surface; and the top of the head is the most _3_part of the body. The ears are _4_ and i to the shoulders and L to the nose. The heart is i to the vertebral column (spine) and i to the lungs. The elbow is i to the fingers butLO to the shoulder. The abdominopelvic cavity is L to the thoracic cavity and L to the spinal cavity. In humans, the dorsal surface can also be called the L surface; however, in quadruped animals, the dorsal surface is the _l4_ surface. If an incision cuts the heart into right and left parts. the section is a A section; but if the heart is cut so that superior and inferior portions result, the section is a1_6 section. You are told to cut a dissection animal along two planes so that both kidneys are observable in each section. The two sections that will always meet this requirement are the L and 1—8 sec— tions. A section that demonstrates the continuity between the spinal and cranial cavities is a _11 section. 1' a; anterior 8_ f; media! 14‘ j; Signeri or 2. g; posterior 9_ h; proximal 15' i; sagirtal 3_ j.‘ superior 1a b; distal 16' k; tram-verse 4. f; medial ' 1 L d,‘ inferior 17' Cgfronzal 5' j; superior 12' a; anterior 18' k; transverse 6‘ e; lateral 13 g; posterior 19- r'; saginal 7 a; anterior 7. Correctly identify each of the body planes by inserting the appropriate term for each on the answer line below the drawing. (a) (bi median (mid—sagirml) plane frontal plane rrarrwerre plane 4 Review Sheet 1 8. Draw a kidney as it appears when sectioned in each of the three different planes. TI'flnSVCISB Sagittal Frontal section section section 9. Correctly identify each of the nine areas of the abdominal surface by inserting the appropriate term for each of the letters indi— cated in the drawing. a epigastric region b right hypochandriac region left hypachandriac region d umbilical region right lumbar region (a) (b) (=) f left lumbar region (d) if) hypogastric (pubic) region (6) [1. right Him reigon (9) (i) left Him: region ('1) Body Cavities 10. Which body cavity would have to be opened for the following types of surgery or procedures? (Insert letter of key choice in same-numbered blank. More than one choice may apply.) Key: 3. abdominopelvic c. dorsal e. thoracic b. cranial d. spinal f. ventral e,f 6!. 1. Surgery to IemOve a cancerous lung lobe — 4. appendectomy 61- f a, . 2. removal of the uterus, or womb __ 5. stomach ulcer operation b. c . d. C . - . . 3. removal of a brain tumor — 6. delivery of preoperative “saddle” anesthesra Review Sheet 1 5 cfi 12. Which organ system would not be represented in any of the body cavities? SKELEIQL J MTEGICWLEN 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. vac! - What are the bony landmarks of the abdominopelvic cavity? cot-21: RICE E; 3:!“ S _ Which body cavity affords the least protection to its intema] structures? “U4!- What is the function ofthe serous membranes ofthe body? EEODUCE— ELUI i) -- EED UCE FMCTIGN A nurse informs you that she is about to take blood from the antecubitai region. What portion of your body shouid you pre- senttoher? AEM ’4VI'ER10R jURF‘fCE The mouth, or oral cavity, and its extension, which stretches through the body to the anus, is not listed as an internal body IT :5 mvuous tum} THE arming cavity. Why is this so? Using the key choices, identify the small body cavities described below. Key: a. middle carcavity b. nasal cavity (3. oral cavity d. orbital cavity e. wnovial cavity holds the eyes in an anterior-facing position _ mntajtm the tongue . lines ajoint cavity . houses three tiny bones involved in hearing . contained within the nose » appropriate to each box. bets or the name of the ca ..-' identify the descriptions on the foIlowing page. (Some Review Sheet ...
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