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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 4: Profiles of Today’s Learners (pages 98 to end) Patterns of Learner Development • Ideas about how children develop influence ideas about how they should be educated • Teachers need to base instructions on up-to-date knowledge, not on out dated views One view of early education • Children are mindless creatures who were incapable of feeling or knowing anything • Supporters dismissed proposals to spend money on early childhood education because formal education for children was pointless • Adults just had to keep children out of mischief Another view of early education • Children were essentially miniature adults • Children were believed to have adult characteristics lacking knowledge and experience • Today, each child has unique qualities and the qualities affect how individual children react at school Preschool and Kindergarten Learners • Extremely active • Good control of their bodies • Enjoy activity o Children need regular rest periods • Preschool and kindergarten children’s muscle coordination is better developed than small muscle coordination • Many children have trouble managing shoestring, buttons and other fine motor tasks • Children may not have fully developed eyes and eye muscle o They have difficulty focusing on small objects and completing tasks that require good hand-eye coordination • Boys o Tend to be slightly larger in size than girls • Girls o More advanced by almost any other measure applied • Fine-motor-skills development o Better coordination than boys • Teaching Preschool and Kindergarten Learners o Must be patient and able to tolerate lots of activity in the classroom Learners in Grades 1 to 3 • High need for physical activity that characterizes kindergarten children carries through the first or second year of primary grades •...
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- Spring '06
- primary grades, Teaching High School o Students