1.29 - 1/29/08 Plato's Republic I. Plato (428-347 BC)...

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1/29/08 Plato’s Republic I. Plato (428-347 BC) -Teacher, Philosopher, Political Activist -deep anti-democratic The Republic is an attack on democracy, and a defense of elitist structure -founder of “The Academy” -no classrooms, wandering teacher -Student of Socrates -executed by Athenian jury on grounds of Subversion -very minute differences between teaching of Plato and Socrates -Socratic Method: open question forum -the dialogue nature of The Republic is incredibly influential II. Justice/Morality and “Proper Ordering” -The book opens with the question of justice -what is a just community? What is a just person? -Justice and Morality are interchangeable -Morality and Justice are found in the harmony or proper ordering of the person or community -what are the parts that should be in harmony in order to bring about morality? III. Appetite, Courage, Reason -the three pillars of harmony, and thus morality -appetite: self-discipline, need, desire, drive -courage: passion, bravery, strength -reason: wisdom, intellect, thinking
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2008 for the course GOVT 1615 taught by Professor Hendrix,b during the Spring '06 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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1.29 - 1/29/08 Plato's Republic I. Plato (428-347 BC)...

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