PHIL110 Final Paper - Satire: Misunderstanding Socrates...

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Satire: Misunderstanding Socrates Andy Pho Philo 110 - M01 Dr . Katz 05/06/08
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Satire : Misunderstanding Socrates PHIL-110- M01 Socrates was a Greek philosopher who was known to study and discuss  anything and everything that occurred around him .  However, with all of the  discoveries and observations that he made , Socrates never documented any  information .  All that was known of him was through the works of other  contemporaries .  Greek philosopher, Plato, and playwright Aristophanes had  opposing portrayals of Socrates , even though they both knew him.  The teachings  of Socrates and the writings of Plato and Aristophanes continue to challenge the  minds of those that study Socratic philosophies . People have been unclear about  why the contemporaries who knew him have presented Socrates differently until  now . A large portion of what is known about Socrates was through the dialogues  of Plato :   The Apology , The Crito , The Euthyphro , and The Phaedo .  Plato wrote  The Apology  several years after the trial for his apologia , or defense, for Socrates.  “At the age of 70 Socrates was charged before an Athenian popular court with  ‘impiety’ – with not believing in the Olympian Gods and corrupting young men  through his constant questioning of everything .” 1   After his guilty verdict Socrates was sentenced to death by poison .  “Plato sought to defend Socrates  from the accusations which brought about his conviction and execution , and what  1 Routledge Encyclopedia of PHILOSOPHY , “Socrates,” page 8. 2
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Satire : Misunderstanding Socrates PHIL-110- M01 he intended to do was to demonstrate the simple fact that Socrates was innocent  of any wrongdoing and that the sentence was unjust and undeserved .” Although  it is very possible that Plato has changed the original content of what was said on  that day , “we can rest assure that his intention was not to provide for us a  verbatim or exact account , but one which, in his view, would capture the spirit of  Socrates ’ long statement to the court.”  2    Plato was present along with a 501- member jury , many of whom were around to accept his recording of Socrates’  testimony under oath .  Plato states his feelings about Socrates at the end of The
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This note was uploaded on 05/23/2008 for the course PHIL 110 taught by Professor Katz during the Spring '08 term at New York Institute of Technology-Westbury.

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PHIL110 Final Paper - Satire: Misunderstanding Socrates...

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