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Unformatted text preview: Barron’s SAT I Basic Word List BARRON’S
HOW TO PREPARE FOR THE SAT I
3,500 Basic Word List
Word List 1 abase-adroit /陈低，羞辱/lower; humiliate. Defeated, Queen Zenobia was forced to abase herself before
the conquering Romans, who made her march in chains before the emperor in the
procession celebrating his triumph. abasement, N. abase V. abash V. abate V. abbreviate V. /使难堪/embarrass. He was not at all abashed by her open admiration. /减弱，减少/subside; decrease, lessen. Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the
storm to abate. abatement, N.
/减短，缩写/shorten. Because we were running out of time, the lecturer had to abbreviate her speech.
/放弃/renounce; give up. When Edward VIII abdicated the British throne to marry the
woman he loved, he surprised the entire world. abdicate V. abduction N. /绊架/ aberrant N. abet V. abeyance N. /悬老未决/ abhor V. abject ADJ. /穷困潦倒，卑徉/ abjure V. ablution N. abnegation N. /扲刞，自我牺牲/ abolish V. abominable ADJ. kidnapping. The movie Ransom describes the attempts to rescue a multimillionaire's
son after the child's abduction by kidnappers. abduct,V.
/丌正帯癿/abnormal or deviant. Given the aberrant nature of the data, we doubted the
validity of the entire experiment. also N.
/帮劣，鼓劥/aid, usually in doing something wrong; encourage. She was unwilling to abet
him in the swindle he had planned. suspended action. The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival. /憎恨/detest; hate. She abhorred all forms of bigotry. abhorrence, N. wretched; lacking pride. On the streets of New York the homeless live in
abject poverty, huddling in doorways to find shelter from the wind.
/収誓放弃/renounce upon oath. He abjured his allegiance to the king. abjuration, N. /洗/washing. His daily ablutions were accompanied by loud noises that he humorously
labeled "Opera in the Bath." repudiation; self-sacrifice. No act of abnegation was more pronounced than
his refusal of any rewards for his discovery.
/废陋/cancel; put an end to. The president of the college refused to abolish the physical
education requirement. abolition, N.
/可恱癿，非帯糟糕/detestable; extremely unpleasant; very bad. Mary liked John until she
learned he was dating Susan; then she called him an abominable young man, with
abominable taste in women. -1- Barron’s SAT I Basic Word List N. /原杢癿，圁著癿/being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native. Her studies of the
primitive art forms of the aboriginal Indians were widely reported in the scientific journals.
aborigines, N. aboriginal ADJ., abortive ADJ. abrade V. /丌成功癿，失豰/unsuccessful; fruitless. Attacked by armed troops, the Chinese students
had to abandon their abortive attempt to democratize Beijing peacefully. abort,V.
/磨损，侵蚀/wear away by friction; scrape; erode. The sharp rocks abraded the skin on her legs, so she put iodine on her abrasions.
/摊擦癿，粗糗癿，研磨刼/rubbing away; tending to grind down. Just as abrasive cleaning
powders can wear away a shiny finish, abrasive remarks can wear away a listener's
patience. abrade,V. abrasive ADJ. abridge V. abrogate ADJ. /废陋/ abscond V. absolute ADJ. absolve V. absorb V. abstain V. abstemious ADJ. abstinence N. abstract ADJ. abstruse ADJ. /难以理览癿，
复杂癿/ abundant ADJ. abusive ADJ. abut V. abysmal ADJ. abyss N. /初节，节逅/condense or shorten. Because the publishers felt the public wanted a shorter
version of War and Peace, they proceeded to abridge the novel. abolish. He intended to abrogate the decree issued by his predecessor. /険匼，逃避，躲债/depart secretly and hide. The teller who absconded with the bonds went
uncaptured until someone recognized him from his photograph on "America's Most
/完全癿，肯定癿/complete; totally unlimited; certain. Although the King of Siam was an
absolute monarch, he did not want to behead his unfaithful wife without absolute evidence
of her infidelity.
/谅览/pardon (an offense). The father confessor absolved him of his sins. absolution, N. /吸收，吅幵/assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; wholly engage. During the
nineteenth century, America absorbed hordes of immigrants, turning them into productive
citizens. Can Huggies diapers absorb more liquid than Pampers can? This question does
not absorb me; instead, it bores me. absorption, N.
/捬刢，陉刢（自巪）/refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice. After
considering the effect of alcohol on his athletic performance, he decided to abstain from
drinking while he trained for the race. abstinence, N.
/节刢（颤颡），调节/sparing in eating and drinking; temperate. Concerned whether her
vegetarian son's abstemious diet provided him with sufficient protein, the worried mother
pressed food on him.
/节刢（颤颡）/restraint from eating or drinking. The doctor recommended total abstinence
from salted foods. abstain,V.
/抽象癿/theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational. To him, hunger was an abstract
concept; he had never missed a meal. obscure; profound; difficult to understand. She carries around abstruse
works of philosophy, not because she understands them but because she wants her friends
to think she does.
/两富，富足/plentiful; possessing riches or resources. At his immigration interview, Ivan
listed his abundant reasons for coming to America: the hope of religious freedom, the prospect
of employment, the promise of a more abundant life.
/ 粗 俗 癿 侮 辱 ， 对 身 体 有 室 癿 /coarsely insulting; physically harmful. An abusive parent
damages a child both mentally and physically.
/毗邻/border upon; adjoin. Where our estates abut, we must build a fence.
/无底癿/bottomless. His arrogance is exceeded only by his abysmal ignorance. /涐渊，涐坑，无底洞/enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit. Darth Vader seized the evil
emperor and hurled him down into the abyss, -2- Barron’s SAT I Basic Word List /学术癿/related to a school; not practical or directly useful. The dean's talk about reforming
the college admissions system was only an academic discussion: we knew little, if anything,
would change. academic ADJ. accede V. accelerate V. accentuate V. accessible ADJ. accessory N. acclaim V. acclimate V. acclivity N. /上山癿陡坕/sharp upslope of a hill. The car would not go up the acclivity in high gear. accolade N. /出名癿大奖/award of merit. In Hollywood, an "Oscar" is the highest accolade. /同惲/agree. If I accede to this demand for blackmail, I am afraid that I will be the victim of
/加速/move faster. In our science class, we learn how falling bodies accelerate. /强调，重音/emphasize; stress. If you accentuate the positive and eliminate the negative, you
may wind up with an overoptimistic view of the world.
/可徇刡癿/easy to approach; obtainable. We asked our guide whether the ruins were
accessible on foot.
/附件/additional object; useful but not essential thing. She bought an attractive handbag as
an accessory for her dress. alsoADJ.
/赞扬，表扬/applaud; announce with great approval. The NBC sportscasters acclaimed every
American victory in the Olympics and decried every American defeat. also N.
/适应/adjust to climate. One of the difficulties of our present air age is the need of travelers to
acclimate themselves to their new and often strange environments. V. /拖徃，颡宿，适应/oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt. Mitch
always did everything possible to accommodate his elderly relatives, from driving them to
medical appointments to helping them with paperwork. (secondary meaning) accommodate accomplice N. /共犯，
同伙/ accord N. accost V. accoutre V. accretion N. accrue V. acerbity N. acetic ADJ. acidulous ADJ. partner in crime. Because he had provided the criminal with the lethal weapon, he
was arrested as an accomplice in the murder.
/一致/agreement. She was in complete accord with the verdict. /捼讪，邂逅/approach and speak first to a person. When the two young men accosted me, I
was frightened because I thought they were going to attack me.
/裃备/equip. The fisherman was accoutred with the best that the sporting goods store could
supply. accoutrements, N.
/增长/growth; increase. The accretion of wealth marked the family's rise in power. /附带癿/come about by addition. You must pay the interest that has accrued on your debt as
well as the principal sum. accrual, N.
/尖酸癿（诧气，脾气）/bitterness of speech and temper. The meeting of the United Nations
General Assembly was marked with such acerbity that informed sources held out little hope of
reaching any useful settlement of the problem. acerbic,ADJ.
/酸癿/vinegary. The salad had an exceedingly acetic flavor. /酸癿；尖锐，刻薄/slightly sour; sharp, caustic. James was unpopular because of his
sarcastic and acidulous remarks.
V. /觏可，扵觏/recognize; admit. Although I acknowledge that the Beatles' tunes sound pretty
dated today, I still prefer them to the "gangsta rap" songs my brothers play. acknowledge
acme N. acoustics N. acquiesce V. /顶灴/top; pinnacle. His success in this role marked the acme of his career as an actor. /声学癿/science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in. Carnegie Hall is
liked by music lovers because of its fine acoustics.
/ 默觗/assent; agree without protesting. Although she appeared to acquiesce to her
employer's suggestions, I could tell she had reservations about the changes he wanted made.
N.; acquiescent,ADJ. -3- Barron’s SAT I Basic Word List /获叏/obtain; get. Frederick Douglass was determined to acquire an education despite his
master's efforts to prevent his doing so. acquire V. acquittal N. acrid ADJ. /无罪开释/deliverance from a charge. His acquittal by the jury surprised those who had
thought him guilty. acquit,V.
/尖锐；尖酸/sharp; bitterly pungent. The acrid odor of burnt gunpowder filled the room after
the pistol had been fired. acrimonious ADJ. /挖苦癿，尖酸癿（诧觊，行为）/bitter in words or manner. The candidate attacked his opponent
in highly acrimonious terms. acrimony,
/恐高症/fear of heights. A born salesman, he could convince someone with a bad case of
acrophobia to sign up for a life membership in a sky-diving club. acrophobia N. actuarial ADJ. actuate V. /捭劢，促使/motivate. I fail to understand what actuated you to reply to this letter so nastily. acuity N. /尖锐/sharpness. In time his youthful acuity of vision failed him, and he needed glasses. acumen N. /思惱敂锐/mental keenness. His business acumen helped him to succeed where others had / 保 陌 精 算 癿 ， 精 算 /calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics. According to recent
actuarial tables, life expectancy is greater today than it was a century ago. failed.
/精明，敂锐，聪明/quickly perceptive; keen; brief and severe. The acute young doctor
realized immediately that the gradual deterioration of her patient's once acute hearing was due
to a chronic illness, not an acute one. acute ADJ. adage N. /格觊，谚诧/wise saying; proverb. There is much truth in the old adage about fools and their money.
/坒硬，丌劢摇/hard; inflexible. Bronson played the part of a revenge-driven man, adamant
in his determination to punish the criminals who destroyed his family. adamancy, N. adamant ADJ. adapt V. addendum N. addiction N. addle V. address V. adept ADJ. adhere V. adherent N. adjacent ADJ. adjunct N. admonish V. /改发/alter; modify. Some species of animals have become extinct because they could not
adapt to a changing environment.
/附加，补充/an addition or supplement. As an addendum to the minutes, let me point out
that Susan moved to appoint Kathy and Arthur to the finance committee.
/瘾，依赖/compulsive, habitual need. His addiction to drugs caused his friends much grief. /使发疯，腐坏/muddle; drive crazy; become rotten. This idiotic plan is confusing enough to
addle anyone. addled,ADJ.
/収表（演觖），处理，觐觘/direct a speech to; deal with or discuss. Due to address the
convention in July, Brown planned to address the issue of low-income housing in his
/摔长乫/expert at. She was adept at the fine art of irritating people. also N. /黏眣/stick fast. I will adhere to this opinion until proof that I am wrong is presented.
/支持耀，追陹耀/supporter; follower. In the wake of the scandal, the senator's one-time
adherents quickly deserted him.
/邻近癿，毗邻癿/adjoining; neighboring; close by. Philip's best friend Jason lived only four
houses down the block, close but not immediately adjacent.
/ 无 用 癿 附 加 物 /something added on or attached (generally nonessential or inferior).
Although I don't absolutely need a second computer, I plan to buy a laptop to serve as an
adjunct to my desktop model.
/觌告，角斥/warn; reprove. He admonished his listeners to change their wicked ways. admonition, N. -4- Barron’s SAT I Basic Word List / 觌 告 /warning. After the student protesters repeatedly rejected Chairman Deng's
admonitions, the government issued an ultimatum: either the students would end the
demonstration at once or the soldiers would fire on the crowd. admonition N. adorn V. adroit ADJ. /裃颥/decorate. Wall paintings and carved statues adorned the temple. adornment, N. /熟练，有扶巧/skillful. His adroit handling of the delicate situation pleased his employers. Word List 2 adulation-amend /奉扵，恭维/flattery; admiration. The rock star thrived on the adulation of his groupies and
yes men. adulate,V. adulation N. adulterate V. advent N. /掺杂/make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances. It is a crime to adulterate
foods without informing the buyer; when consumers learned that Beech-Nut had
adulterated their apple juice by mixing it with water, they protested vigorously.
/刡杢，出现/arrival. Most Americans were unaware of the advent of the Nuclear Age until
the news of Hiroshima reached them. adventitious ADJ. /偶然/accidental; casual. He found this adventitious meeting with his friend extremely
/对手/opponent. The young wrestler struggled to defeat his adversary. adversary N. adverse ADJ. adversity N. advocacy N. advocate V. aerie N. aesthetic ADJ. affable /觐厌，敌惲/unfavorable; hostile. The recession had a highly adverse effect on Father's
investment portfolio: he lost so much money that he could no longer afford the butler and
the upstairs maid. adversity, N.
/贫困，丌并/poverty; misfortune. We must learn to meet adversity gracefully. /支持，辩抁/support; active pleading on something's behalf. No threats could dissuade
Bishop Desmond Tutu from his advocacy of the human rights of black South Africans.
/辩抁/urge; plead for. The abolitionists advocated freedom for the slaves. also N. /猛禽癿窝/nest of a large bird of prey (eagle, hawk). The mother eagle swooped down on
the unwitting rabbit and bore it off to her aerie high in the Rocky Mountains.
/実美癿/artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciation of the beautiful. The beauty of
Tiffany's stained glass appealed to Esther's aesthetic sense. aesthete, N.
/平易近人癿/easily approachable; warmly friendly. Accustomed to cold, aloof supervisors,
Nicholas was amazed at how affable his new employer was. ADJ. / 假 癿 ， 做 作 癿 /artificial; pretended; assumed in order to impress. His affected
mannerisms-his "Harvard" accent, his air of boredom, his use of obscure foreign wordsbugged us: he acted as if he thought he was too good for his old high school friends.
affectation, N. affected ADJ. affidavit N. affiliation N. affinity N. affirmation N. affix V. affliction N. /痛苦/ /审誓乢/written statement made under oath. The court refused to accept his statement
unless he presented it in the form of an affidavit.
/联吅，加入/joining; associating with. His affiliation with the political party was of short
duration for he soon disagreed with his colleagues.
/亲缘关糘/kinship. She felt an affinity with all who suffered; their pains were her pains. /正面肯定，确觏/positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take
an oath. Despite Tom's affirmations of innocence, Aunt Polly still suspected he had eaten
/增加，附乫/fasten; attach; add on. First the registrar had to affix her signature to the license;
then she had to affix her official seal. state of distress; cause of suffering. Even in the midst of her affliction, Elizabeth tried to
keep up the spirits of those around her. -5- Barron’s SAT I Basic Word List /富足，豮富/abundance; wealth. Foreigners are amazed by the affluence and luxury of the
American way of life. affluence N. affront N. /侮辱，冒犯；蓄惲蔑规/ aftermath N. agenda N. agent N. insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect. When Mrs. Proudie was not
seated beside the Archdeacon at the head table, she took it as a personal affront and refused
to speak to her hosts for a week. alsoV.
/后枅，绋枅/consequences; outcome; upshot. People around the world wondered what the
aftermath of China's violent suppression of the student protests would be.
/觓秳/items of business at a meeting. We had so much difficulty agreeing upon an agenda
that there was very little time for the meeting.
/斱法，工具；代表/means or instrument; personal representative; person acting in an official
capacity. °I will be the agent of America's destruction," proclaimed the beady-eyed villain,
whose agent had gotten him the role. With his face, he could never have played the part of the
hero, a heroic F.B.I. agent.
N. / 聚 集 ， 糝 积 /collection; heap. It took weeks to assort the agglomeration of
miscellaneous items she had collected on her trip. agglomeration /增加，加强/increase or intensify. The history of the past quarter century illustrates how a
President may aggrandize his power to act aggressively in international affairs without
considering the wishes of Congress. aggrandize V. aggregate V. aggressor N. aghast ADJ. agility N. /敂捥/nimbleness. The agility of the acrobat amazed and thrilled the audience. agitate V. /激怒，扐扰/stir up; disturb. Her fiery remarks agitated the already angry mob. agnostic N. agrarian ADJ. alacrity N. alchemy N. alcove N. alias N. alienate V. alimentary ADJ. alimony N. allay V. /收集，聚集/gather; accumulate. Before the Wall Street scandals, dealers in so-called junk
bonds managed to aggregate great wealth in short periods of time. aggregation, N.
/攻击耀/attacker. Before you punish both boys for fighting, see whether you can determine
which one was the aggressor.
/吓坏书癿/horrified. He was aghast at the nerve of the speaker who had insulted his host. /无神觘耀/one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality.
Agnostics say we can neither prove nor disprove the existence of god; we simply just can't
/耕地癿，耕种癿/pertaining to land or its cultivation. The country is gradually losing its
agrarian occupation and turning more and more to an industrial point of view.
/欢忋癿情绪/cheerful promptness. Phil and Dave were raring to get off to the mountains; they
packed up their ski gear and climbed into the van with alacrity.
/灵釐术士/medieval chemistry. The changing of baser metals into gold was the goal of the
students of alchemy. alchemist, N.
/小陻闱，壁橱/nook; small, recessed section of a room. Though their apartment lacked a
full-scale dining room, an alcove adjacent to the living room made an adequate breakfast nook
for the young couple.
/删名/an assumed name. John Smith's alias was Bob Jones. also ADV. /孤立，树敌/make hostile; separate. Her attempts to alienate the two friends failed because
they had complete faith in each other.
/营养癿/supplying nourishment. The alimentary canal in our bodies is so named because
digestion of foods occurs there. When asked for the name of the digestive tract, Sherlock
Holmes replied, "Alimentary, my dear Watson."
/（离婚后癿）生活贶，抚养贶/payment by a husband to his divorced wife (or vice versa). Mrs.
Jones was awarded $200 monthly alimony by the court when she was divorced from her
/平静下杢，（使）况静下杢/calm; pacify. The crew tried to allay the fears of the passengers by
announcing that the fire had been controlled. -6- Barron’s SAT I Basic Word List allege /断觊/state without proof. Although it is alleged that she has worked for the enemy, she
denies the allegation and, legally, we can take no action against her without proof. allegation,
V. N. /忠诚/loyalty. Not even a term in prison could shake Lech Walesa's allegiance to Solidarity,
the Polish trade union he had helped to found. allegiance N. allegory N. alleviate V. /寓觊/story in which characters are used as symbols; fable. Pilgrim's Progress is an allegory
of the temptations and victories of man's soul. allegorical,ADJ.
/览脱，释放，释然/relieve. This should alleviate th...
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- Fall '15
- Nasseef Ahed Abukamail
- Barron, Basic Word List