DuffyFinalStudyGuide - Emily Surgent Ms Duffy Integrated...

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Emily Surgent Ms. Duffy Integrated History 9 Honors 16 June 2014 Final Review Imperialism 1.) Bismarck: (Prussia) Junker Class>> nobility. Becomes Chancellor(Prime Minister)>> made secret treaty w/ Nap III until publishes newspaper making Nap look bad. Foreign Policy>> Keep FR weak, keep ties w/ Austria and Russia, respect GB. Domestic Policy>> Crush opposition to state (Church& Socialists) Against>> Socialism and Church (but kept peace b/c people defend church) Social Welfare>> health insurance, workmans compensation, child labor laws, retirement. William II>> demands Bismarck resigns 2.) German Unification:First Steps-all speak German, many separate states, Napoleon had started process, Prussian leadership; Bismarck gets job done- real politik will do anything to unify Germany, built up the army and there were three wars 1. Denmark got Schlewig and Hostein, 2. Austria got Northern German-states and created Northern German confederate, 3. France lost in 3 weeks; the southern provinces rallied to Prussia’s side in the war against France and after Prussia won Alsace-Lorraine was transferred to Germany in the peace settlement, allowing Prussia to declare the German Empire, or Second Reich, on January 21, 1871 3.) Dual Monarchy:Austria-Hungary;the Habsburg empire from the constitutional Compromise (Ausgleich) of 1867 between Austria and Hungary until the empire’s collapse in 1918 4.) Italian Unification:“The House”; King Victor Emmanuel sent troops to seize the Papal states without Rome and united with Garibaldi in the south; Garibaldi turned Naples and Sicily to King VE; Italy united except for Rome and Venetia; receives Venetia after Franco-Prussian War from Bismarck; got Rome when France withdrew during same war: Challenges- no practice; regional differences and pope disagreed 5.) Garibaldi: “The Roofer” (completes house); wants republic, not monarchy; nationalist and supporter of Mazzini; teams up with Cavour; seized Sicily and Naples and wanted to set up Republic in South but Cavour wanted one Italy 6.) Cavour:“The Contractor: (supervises, gets people to work); made primeminister by Victor Emmanuel; Monarchist and Real Politik; economic reforms (agriculture, railroads, free trade); 1st step in unifying was to drive Austria out of the North; had helped in the Crimean war; dies in 1861
7.) Mazzini:“The Architect” (planner, keeps dream alive); set up Revolutionary Republic in Rome in 1849 but it was crushed by the French; he was exiled and dreamed of unity; made sense to unify b/c they shared language, culture, religion, and heritage; Risorgimento- Italian Nationalist Movement 8.) Red Shirts:18-22 year old nationalists fighting for unification in southern Italy 9.) Piedmont Sardinia:France defends them in the war; Risorgimento passed onto them 10.) Napoleon III:made a secret pact with cavour at paris peace talks to team up and drive Austria out of the north and in return he would get Savoy and Nice, but he bailed on Italy and made peace with Austria during war because he is afraid of Revolutions 11.) Crimean War:

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