Lecture 12 - Lecture 12 Social Psychology Cooperation and...

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Lecture 12 Social Psychology Cooperation and Competition Altruism What determines whether we’ll cooperate or compete? Help, intervene, or ignore during a crime? “It depends” Bystander apathy People sometimes fail to intervene during a crime or accident. The presence of many people during a crime creates a sense of diffusion of responsibility The case of Kitty Genovese- story about a lesbian woman, who was beat up and killed; many people saw this, but no one called the police Bystander apathy - Pluralistic ignorance The prisoner’s dilemma -a person must choose between a cooperative act or one very beneficial only to him/her that’s hurtful to others. - reciprocal altruism= helping others with the understanding that they should eventually help us. -this strategy is called “tit for tat.” Cultural Transmission -It’s possible that we learn to cooperate instead of compete because other members of our community will punish us for not exhibiting altruistic behavior. -The more cooperative the culture, the greater the punishment for failing to exhibit altruism. Social loafing = tendency to “loaf” or do less work in groups. - the effects are greatest when the task is considered unimportant.
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  • Spring '08
  • Zaidel
  • Social Psychology, apathy -Pluralistic ignorance, Social Psychology Cooperation, Kitty Genovese- story, Social loafing= tendency

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