seb323 week 9b - SEB323 Managing Industrial Organisations...

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1 SEB323 Managing Industrial Organisations Week 9b Lecture 2 nd Semester 2007 School of Engineering and Information Technology Faculty of Science and Technology Waurn Ponds Campus Module 3: Manufacturing and the Environment Topic 3: Waste Prevention and Minimalisation
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2 What is Pollution ? > The Organisation of Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) defines pollution as: The presence of substances and heat in environmental media (air, water, land) whose nature, location, or quantity produces undesirable environmental effects http://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=2075 Pollution and the Environment > Major forms of Pollution ± Air Pollution ± Solid Waste ± Liquid Waste (including waste water ) ± Noise Pollution > But there are also other forms of pollution as well ± Visual ± Light ± Thermal H a z r d o u s n N - P l t i
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3 What is Hazardous Waste? > The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines as: ± Hazardous waste is a waste with properties that make it dangerous or potentially harmful to human health or the environment. ± The universe of hazardous wastes is large and diverse. Hazardous wastes can be liquids, solids, contained gases, or sludges. ± They can be the by-products of manufacturing processes or simply discarded commercial products, like cleaning fluids or pesticides. http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazwaste.htm The Concept of Sustainability The United Nations* defines sustainability as: Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs > It involves the balancing the (often conflicting) needs of the: ± Economy ± Community ± Environment Economy Community Environment Sustainability * Brundlant Report 1987
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4 What is Environmental Sustainability ? Environmental sustainability is the ability to maintain the qualities that we value in the natural environment > In other words, we seek to sustain (maintain): ± Human life • Our ability to exist, survive, and thrive ± The natural environment • Its ability to provide suitable living conditions and natural resources ± A functioning society
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This note was uploaded on 05/10/2008 for the course SEB SEB323 taught by Professor Cavenett during the Spring '08 term at A.T. Still University.

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seb323 week 9b - SEB323 Managing Industrial Organisations...

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