PHILOSOPHY2Cartesian RationalismThe rationalist Rene Descartes held his beliefs that cognizance of the world can gain throughvarious exercises of pure reason. This is different from the empiricism view whereby Lockepostulates that knowledge about the world can only be gained through senses. However, fromRene’s assertions about knowledge, his contemplations draw a conclusion from instinctive firstprinciples, self-existence, God which believes that mind is a substance majorly used for thinkingduring the extended body as a material matter. Consequently, Locke asserts that the acquisitionof knowledge is made through reflections, clear sensory of the world, sensation, psychologicalprocesses that involve breaking down composite impressions into unadorned ones and givingthem comparisons, summarizing them and giving them recommendations in an attempt to formnew ideas.The two philosophers; Locke and Descartes greatly disagrees regarding the source of knowledge.The lock does not concur with the issue concerning the availability of innate concepts in themind while Descartes also doesn’t concur with the idea that knowledge is derived from theexperience. However, both of the two philosophers are doubtful about the feasibility of certainknowledge(Meyers, 2014, p. 88). The belief by Descartes is held on the idea that certainknowledge is the source of human reasoning. This is the opposite of the belief by Locke thatholds that knowledge can only be derived from experience and there is never certain knowledge.The assertion by Descartes is that absolute certainty is the determinant of knowledge. Intuitionsare not dependable and questionable. There is no way knowledge can be derived from the outsideworld through senses. According to Descartes’s explanations, experience and deduction are theonly reliable sources of knowledge. He further postulates that deductions are rarely performedincorrectly by an intellect hence knowledge deduced from deduction is a certain knowledge.
PHILOSOPHY3Furthermore, Descartes believes that some principles are inherent and are indubitable forexample the existence of self and the existence of God(Descartes, Moriarty, Descartes,Descartes, & Descartes, 2015, p. 207). Consequently, Locke claims that there are no fundamentalideas because if at all they were there, children would have automatically been born with them.Locke also disputes the claim about innate about God by claiming that there is a lack of universalnotion about God. Hence human beings can only gain certain knowledge through experience.