Rationalism - Running Head PHILOSOPHY 1 Title Students Name Institutional Affiliation PHILOSOPHY 2 Cartesian Rationalism The rationalist Rene Descartes

Rationalism - Running Head PHILOSOPHY 1 Title Students Name...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 8 pages.

Running Head: PHILOSOPHY 1 Title Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation
Image of page 1
PHILOSOPHY 2 Cartesian Rationalism The rationalist Rene Descartes held his beliefs that cognizance of the world can gain through various exercises of pure reason. This is different from the empiricism view whereby Locke postulates that knowledge about the world can only be gained through senses. However, from Rene’s assertions about knowledge, his contemplations draw a conclusion from instinctive first principles, self-existence, God which believes that mind is a substance majorly used for thinking during the extended body as a material matter. Consequently, Locke asserts that the acquisition of knowledge is made through reflections, clear sensory of the world, sensation, psychological processes that involve breaking down composite impressions into unadorned ones and giving them comparisons, summarizing them and giving them recommendations in an attempt to form new ideas. The two philosophers; Locke and Descartes greatly disagrees regarding the source of knowledge. The lock does not concur with the issue concerning the availability of innate concepts in the mind while Descartes also doesn’t concur with the idea that knowledge is derived from the experience. However, both of the two philosophers are doubtful about the feasibility of certain knowledge (Meyers, 2014, p. 88). The belief by Descartes is held on the idea that certain knowledge is the source of human reasoning. This is the opposite of the belief by Locke that holds that knowledge can only be derived from experience and there is never certain knowledge. The assertion by Descartes is that absolute certainty is the determinant of knowledge. Intuitions are not dependable and questionable. There is no way knowledge can be derived from the outside world through senses. According to Descartes’s explanations, experience and deduction are the only reliable sources of knowledge. He further postulates that deductions are rarely performed incorrectly by an intellect hence knowledge deduced from deduction is a certain knowledge.
Image of page 2
PHILOSOPHY 3 Furthermore, Descartes believes that some principles are inherent and are indubitable for example the existence of self and the existence of God (Descartes, Moriarty, Descartes, Descartes, & Descartes, 2015, p. 207). Consequently, Locke claims that there are no fundamental ideas because if at all they were there, children would have automatically been born with them. Locke also disputes the claim about innate about God by claiming that there is a lack of universal notion about God. Hence human beings can only gain certain knowledge through experience.
Image of page 3
Image of page 4

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture