midterm - Chapter 1 Geography the examination description...

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Chapter 1 Geography the examination, description, and explanation or earth; its variations from place to place and how places and features change over time. Spatial Science includes explaining variations, similarities, or differences in phenomena located on earths surfaces Human geography (cultural) population distributions, cultural patterns, cities and urbanization, industrial and commercial location, natural resource utilization, and transportation networks. Physical Geography process and features that make up earth, including human activities where they interface with the physical environment. Technology increased computer power allows the presentation of high resolution images, three-dimensional scenes and animated images of Earth features, changes and processes. o Satellite imaging Major Perspectives in Physical Geography Spatial Science Perspective o Location Absolute location expressed by a coordinate system (or address) Relative Location identifies where something is in relation to something else o Characteristics of Places Environmental features and processes o Spatial Distribution and Spatial Patterns Spatial Distribution the extent of the area or areas where a feature exists. Spatial Pattern the arrangement of features in space (are they regular, random, clustered together or widely spaced?) o Spatial Interaction A condition or occurrence, or a process in one place generally has an impact on other places. o Ever Changing Earth Features and landscapes are continuously changing in a spatial context. The Physical Science Perspective o System may be thought of as a set of parts or components that are interrelated, and the analysis of systems provides physical geographers with ideal opportunities to study these relationships as they affect Earths features and environments Variables the individual components of a system; interact with one another as parts of a functioning unit. o Earths Major Sub Systems
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Atmosphere gaseous blanket of air that envelops, shields, and insulates earth Lithosphere the solid earth (landforms, rocks, soils, and minerals) Hydrosphere The eaters of the earth system (oceans, rivers, glaciers) Biosphere all living things (people, animals, plants) o The Environmental Science Perspective Environment surroundings; made up of all physical, social, and cultural aspects of our world that affect our growth, our health, and our way of living Ecology study of relationships between organisms, whether animal or plant, and their environments. Ecosystem community of organisms and the relationships of those organisms to their environment. o Always in flux A Life-Support System the earths system provides the necessary environmental constitutes and conditions to permit life, as we know it to exist.
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