Psych110Midterm#2Notes1 - 21:56:00 ← The Modal Model of...

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Unformatted text preview: 25/03/2008 21:56:00 ← The Modal Model of Memory consists of ← Long-term Memory • The long term memory is passive. It has much more space for information, however. It is the stored representation of all a person knows. ← Working Memory • Conscious memory. The amount storable is finite and will be lost if not used actively. ← Sensory Memory • Has a separate sensory store for each system. Holds brief snippets of information registered by the system from the senses, touch smell, vision, hearing, etc). ← There are Control Processes • Attention, Encoding, Retrieval o During attention, information is transferred from the sensory memory in the working memory. Think, stimuli gained from environment, sensory memory takes stimuli, and paying attention to the stimulus transfers the information into the consciousness/working memory. o Encoding: encoding is like solidifying your knowledge. You are bringing information from the working memory into the long term memory. o Retreival is the process of being able to take information from the LTM and bring it into the consciousness/working memory. ← Remember that with memory there are two competing mechanisms: • We need to be able to ignore other stimuli to focus on our given task, however, we cannot completely block out the other stimuli in the event of an emergency/rapid shift in attention, o All information is put into the sensory memory and essentially screened for potential crises. This is called PREATTENTIVE PROCESSING. All of the information is analyzed for relevance for survival. ← This process can also be applied to hearing. The cocktail party effect is that essentially we can be focusing on one task while a lot of other voices are in the background and still be able to give our attention if our name is called • The caveat is that there needs to be a difference between the voices in pitch or something. ← We only SEE what is important as well, • If we overlap two shapes and are told to pay attention to only one of a certain color, we will block out and only know at chance level what the other shape was, even if it was a familiar object and not a nonsensical shape. • ← The sensory memory can be broken down • Audio Sensory memory is called ECHOIC o Echo is a sound. Sensory memory screens what we hear. We can not be paying attention, asked to recall what was just said and be able to bs the last couple of words We can be at a party and not pay attention, “hear” our name and give our attention. We do not really hear the name, but because of preattentive processing we are alerted by the...
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2008 for the course PSYC 110 taught by Professor Karenwynn during the Fall '08 term at Yale.

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Psych110Midterm#2Notes1 - 21:56:00 ← The Modal Model of...

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