Black and White colonial - Black and White Colonial America...

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Black and White Colonial America New England, the Chesapeake and the South
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The American Puritans The Cambridge Platform: 1649 The doors of Christ's churches on earth do not stand so wide open that all sorts of people, good or bad, may freely enter as they desire. Those who are admitted to church membership must first be examined and tested as to whether they are ready to be received into church fellowship or not. … These things are required of all church members: repentance from sin and faith in Jesus Christ. Therefore repentance and faith are the things about which individuals must be examined before they are granted membership in a church, and they must profess and demonstrate these in such a way as to satisfy rational charity that they are genuinely present.
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Expansion and Diversity New England: “A City Upon a Hill” Renewed sense of community Puritan Orthodoxy: self-government
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Dissent Roger Williams and Rhode Island Civil Government should be secular Dissent and Diversity: -Anne Hutchinson& Antinomianism (those who opposed the rule of law) ***New Restrictions on women followed
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Anne Marbury Hutchinson Dissent and Diversity: -Anne Hutchinson& Antinomianism (those who opposed the rule of law) New Restrictions on women followed Anne Hutchinson banished from the Massachusetts Bay colony because of her devotion to religious liberty. This courageous woman sought freedom from persecution in new Netherlands. Neat this rock in 1643 she and her husband were massacred by Indians
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New England Towns Clustered Villages Family Networks Led by Women “Little Commonwealth” “Well-ordered Families naturally produced a Good Order in other Societies
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Early New England Towns
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Gender Roles in Colonial New England Women assigned to child- bearing, an important role in the struggling colony Men assigned to heavy labor, including farming and manufacturing Marriage led women into “Civil Death”, which denied legal existence to a married woman
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Married Women in the Colonies Could not sign contracts Could not own property Could not retain ownership over their earnings Local courts, once established in the colonies, played a key role in expanding the rights of women Femme couvert: Best interest represented by male member of the household
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Women’s Work Inside the Home Women assisted in the family business, whether farm plantation or shop Served as unpaid household labor Toiled as domestic artisans Laborers in chicken houses, barns and sometimes fields White men reciprocated by participating in child care
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Women’s Workplaces Indoors: open fireplaces In warm weather, moved outdoors Hauled water for cooking, bathing, and washing Accomplished nurses, doctors and morticians Herbalists and apothecaries
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2008 for the course HIST 1402 taught by Professor Melendy during the Spring '08 term at University of South Florida - Tampa.

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Black and White colonial - Black and White Colonial America...

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