TEMPESTDRAMATIC IRONYACT 1A lot of the intrinsic humor in this play is based on the ignorance of the players juxtaposedwith the relative omniscience of the audience. This example is even further contrivedbecause Miranda does not know that Gonzalo is on the island but her father, and theaudience, does. Miranda's naive character, coupled with this ironic comment, begins one ofthe running themes of the play.ACT 2A great part of this act is spent trying to distract the king from the fact that his son ismissing, presumably dead. From the beginning, when Gonzalo begins his longapproximation of the island, until the end, when the Lords swear that Ferdinand must bedead, everyone tries to keep the king distracted from the 'truth'. The fact that the audienceknows the Lords are wrong and that Ferdinand is alive enhances the inaneness of thecharades.The two drunkards assume that everyone else on the island are dead. They fight with oneanother when Ariel impersonates Trinculo. By playing the part of rulers, they aresupplanting their assumed dead bosses. To the audience this is riotous: two servants playingat ruling and planning an assassination when their King is still well and living.ACT 3The audience knows that Prospero has already planned marriage when the youths pledgethemselves to each other. Ferdinand pledges his love without knowing that his father is stillalive.. In this he is altering the balance of power without truly knowing it.This frightening occurrence is comedic to the audience because such pompous men arebrought to their knees by apparitions. The audience sees Prospero watching and Arieloverseeing so they know that the whole thing is orchestratedACT 4The audience, unlike Ferdinand and Miranda, knows what has upset Prospero. They havebeen anticipating the assassination plot. The youths are kept in blissful ignorance.MAJOR CHARACTERSAlonsoThe King of Naples. He is returning from Tunis in Africa where he married his daughterto the local King. Twelve years previous to the play, he helped Antonio usurp theDukedom of Milan from his brother Prospero. He is the father of Ferdinand and thebrother of Sebatian.SebastianSebastian is with Alonso on the trip back from Tunis. During the play he is convincedby Antonio that he should plot against his brother and become the King of Napleshimself. He is the brother of AlonsoProsperoProspero’s attempt to return to Milan after twelve years of expulsion is the main plotof the play. As a sorcerer, he compels the elements of nature to do his will and heorders his slaves about. Through his plan of playing upon the consciences of hisbetrayers, he means to regain his kingdom and leave the island. He also intends tomarry his daughter, Miranda, to Ferdinand, the Prince of Naples. He is the brother ofAntonio.