Lecture 8 - Lecture 8 1 Cognition thinking gaining...

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Lectu re 8 1. Cognition- thinking, gaining knowledge, dealing with knowledge, solving problems, mental imagery 2. Language- a system of arbitrary symbols that can be combined to create an infinite number of meaningful statements Categorization Formation of categories or concepts is one of the primary ways that we organize information about our world We categorize people, object, or events together when they have important qualities in common A prototype= a familiar or typical example of a category We decide whether or not an object belongs in a category by determining how well it resembles the prototypical members of the category The prototype approach= membership in a category is a matter of degrees, not a yes- or-no question Conceptual networks o Thinking about something usually means relating it to a network of related concepts o This process= spreading activation If you hear the word “car” you think of “drive or “road.
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  • Spring '08
  • Zaidel
  • mental imagery, language transformational grammar, remainder Mental Imagery, prototype approach= membership

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