Lecture 13 - Lecture 13 Personality theory in many ways...

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Lecture 13 Personality theory in many ways seeks to describe human nature. It raises some fascinating questions that do not seem easily answerable. Many researchers in the area of personality are working on these questions in small steps in hopes of eventually synthesizing an accurate larger picture of who we as humans really are. -Personality derived from the Latin word persona, which translates into English as “mask” -Personality= the consistent ways in which one person’s behavior differs from that of others, especially in social contexts. The search for broad personality traits -The Big Five personality traits Using a statistical technique, psychologists have found 5 major groups of related traits -neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to new experience Extraversion is a tendency to seek stimulation and enjoy the company of other people Neuroticism = tendency to experience unpleasant emotions very easily. Agreeableness = being compassionate rather than antagonistic towards others. Conscientiousness= showing self-discipline, being reliable, and strive for competence and achievement. Openness to Experience= to enjoy new experiences and new ideas. Criticisms of the Big 5: -it was based on a study of the English language, not on observations of human behavior. -too few traits included -too many traits included -has limited applicability cross-culturally -what makes people differ in behavior and disposition, anyway? -Heredity- monozygotic (identical) twins tend to resemble each other more strongly than other relatives. -Heredity- biological relatives tend to resemble each other more than adoptive relatives or unrelated persons. Personality Assessment -Objective techniques -Projective techniques The most widely used of these tests is the Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory (MMPI) -Standardized personality tests -Objective personality tests: The MMPI -The most current version of the MMPI (the MMPI-2)=567 true-false questions -They are designed to measure dimensions such as sociability and conscientiousness They are also designed to detect clinical conditions like depression and psychosis. -They can also tell if someone is lying on this test
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Personality Assessment -“Faking it” on a standardized test -The designers of the MMPI included a set of items that are designed to detect lying.
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