urbanstudies - Angela Shamay Environmental Justice URST101...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Angela Shamay Environmental Justice URST101: Urban Poverty and Affluence Homework Assignment # 11 Due: 12/10/2007 1) What is environmental racism? Robert Bullard defines environmental racism as “any policy, practice, or directive that differentially affects or disadvantages individuals, groups, or communities based on race or color” (Bullard 98). Racism basically creates differences in environmental quality in white and black communities. Governmental policies and industry practices often provide benefits to the white communities while shifting environmental costs onto people of color. 2) What evidence does Bullard cite to show that pollution and other environmental stressors have a disproportionate effect on communities of color. Even in communities where social class remains constant, there are high public health risks found. Bullard finds that “race has been found to be independent of class in the distribution of air pollution, contaminated fish consumption, location of municipal landfills and incinerators, abandoned toxic waste dumps, cleanup of Superfund sites and lead poisoning in children.” Bullard uses the evidence from lead poisoning to show that environmental stressors have a disproportionate effect on communities of color. Lead poisoning disproportionately affects African American children at every class level. According to Bullard, “the federal Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry found that in families earning less than six thousand dollars a year, 68% of African American children suffered from lead poisoning compared with 36% of white children.”
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
It is the same with families who have higher annual incomes; in families who earn over fifteen thousand dollars, “38% of African American children suffered from lead poisoning compared with 12 percent of whites.” 3) Compare the priorities of the mainstream environmental movement with those of the movement for environmental justice. The environmental movement in the US was focused on these areas: wilderness and
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

urbanstudies - Angela Shamay Environmental Justice URST101...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online