urban nov 7 07 - Angela Shamay Militarization(EXTRA CREDIT...

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Angela Shamay Militarization (EXTRA CREDIT OPTIONAL HW) URST101: Urban Poverty and Affluence Homework Assignment - Optional Due: 11/7/2007 1) How does Mike Davis describe LA’s downtown area? Why does he call it a “fortress?” Mike Davis describes LA as a fortress city, in which the rich and the poor are clearly divided by high-walled security complexes, large consumer centers and plazas, security systems, and distinct geographical boundaries. The wealthier neighborhoods reside in the canyons and hillsides behind tall walls guarded by private police and state-of-the-art surveillance systems, while the separated poor live in out-the-way neighborhoods, separated from the rich’s corporate citadels. Some of these neighborhoods, primarily Latino/black, have been sealed off by the police with barricades and checkpoints. LA is increasingly looking like a fortress city: the libraries look like fortresses, the malls look like prisons with police towers, and the prisons look like hotels. Mike Davis believes that post-liberal Los Angeles is “where the defense of luxury has given birth to an arsenal of security systems and an obsession with the policing of social boundaries through architecture” (Davis, 307). This obsession with security has made LA a “fortress city” in which there are distinct divisions between the fortified cells of the affluent and the places of terror where the police battle the criminalized poor. 2) How do architecture, surveillance technology and policing combine to make LA into a fortress city? Who is inside (and protected by) the fortress and who is left out?
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Los Angeles is eliminating democratized public space and replacing it with big fortresses where the poor are most likely to be kept out by private police. High-secured architectural fortresses include high-walled consumer plazas, supermall centers, hotels, cultural complexes, office space, etc. Los Angeles is on the hard edge of post-modernity because architecture and the police apparatus are being merged to keep poverty out of the city. The rich, middle-class consumers, businessmen and tourists are inside and protected by these fortresses. There are many groups that are kept out of the fortress: the poor, homeless, jobless, Latinos/blacks/Mexican/Guatemalan/Central American ethnic groups, etc. Project developers are doing everything they can to keep the poor out of the Downtown areas. Private police forces are heavily guarding these fortresses. 3) Who was Frederick Olmstead?
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urban nov 7 07 - Angela Shamay Militarization(EXTRA CREDIT...

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