2.28 - Machiavelli III Machiavellian Maxims for...

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2/28/08 Machiavelli III. Machiavellian Maxims for Princes -p182- “learn to be cruel”, “feared and loved” -p183-84- “use force, like a beast” -p184- “learn to lie and break promises” IV. Machiavelli and Human Nature -Machiavelli’s view of human nature is bleak and pessimistic -this is why the prince must be evil -p181-82- humans are bad, human nature is inherently evil -p184- “if men were good, then…” -p185- “the world consists of vulgar…” -The Prince must act duplicitously V. “The Ends Justify The Means” -p185 - if the ends are virtuous, so too are the means -the result is what matters most -p182- virtues can lead to ruin, just as vices can result in security -new and controversial political philosophy -what is the moral end that Machiavelli strives for? -p182- avoiding disorder -p184- maintaining the state VI. “Raison d’Etat” (Reason of State) -the government must keep public order -preserve community life -a perfectly ordered community is needed to recognize ones “civil self” -path to fulfillment
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