Gab's Final Review-1 - Congress Final Review (Definition,...

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Congress Final Review (Definition, Significance, Example) 1. Killer Amendments : a. Book: Congress and Its Members b. Definition: i. Amendment which will make a bill so unfit that it will fail ii. Politicians try to attack killer amendments in order to guarantee failure -- Even original supporters must withdraw from it iii. Some amendments are designed to force members to declare themselves on symbolic issues that command public attention. iv. Often referred to as “Poison Bills” v. Comes from a popular bill that comes out and the opponents of the bill don’t want their constituencies to know they voted against it 1. Made so that supporters of the bill cannot possibly support c. Significance: i. Amendments are chief strategy for shaping legislation ii. Killer amendments are one method used by legislators to shape, or in this case, destroy legislation the disagree with iii. Successful on pieces of legislation that are publicly popular but privately opposed d. Examples: i. Amendments on abortion funding or balanced budgets ii. Opposition tried to attach killer amendment to McCain-Feingold Bill 2. INS v. Chadha a. Case: i. Chadha was living in the US with a student visa—his Visa expired and he asked for suspension of his deportation ii. Chadha had committed a minor offense in India and the INS (Immigration and Naturalization Service) wanted to waive certain immigration rules for entry into the US iii. Immigration judge ruled in favor of Chadha’s request for suspension of deportation—recommendation forwarded to Congress iv. Congress exerted power of legislative veto and said that deportation should not be suspended v. Resolution was passed without debate or recorded vote vi. Chadha sues and wins in appeal b. Significance: i. Established that legislative veto was unconstitutional and that decisions need to be made through statutes 1. Decision of Supreme Court ii. Idea that Congress can comeback and check agencies after the fact is wrong iii. Legislative veto is an example of congressional oversight—Congress cannot have its cake and eat it too iv. Legislative veto still exists, especially in foreign policy because the people
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harmed by legislative veto don’t have the right to sue (“standing”) v. Federal Agencies don’t want to argue with Congress because the legislative veto grants them excess authority 3. Office of Budget and Management (OMB) a. Definition: i. Branch of the executive branch that is responsible for putting together the federal budget ii. OMB has the power of Central Clearance: 1. Federal agencies submit their budget proposal to the OMB and the OMB combines this with the president’s budget and then sends them to Congress 2. Gives the OMB large amounts of power iii. Created in 1921 by the Budget and Accounting Act (originally called the Bureau of the Budget) iv. Through the executive budget, all the budgets of executive agencies are in line with what the President wants 1. OMB under the President’s authority 2. President has the power to balance and centralize all proposals for
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2008 for the course GOVT 3181 taught by Professor Shefter, m during the Spring '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Gab's Final Review-1 - Congress Final Review (Definition,...

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