PSY; Chapter 0; Prologue

PSY; Chapter 0; Prologue - Introduction to Psychology 1....

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Introduction to Psychology 1. This course will give you an overview of contemporary psychology: a. History b. Fields of psychology c. Discoveries and future discoveries d. The application of psychological research 2. What is psychology? a. The science that seeks to understand behavior (a person’s actions and mannerisms) and mental processes (internal experiences we infer from behavior) and apply it to the service of human welfare b. Psychology covers a broad range of areas of study, such as: i. Judgment and decision making ii. Psychological disorders iii. Memory iv. Stress and coping v. Social cognition c. Research provides important clues about why people think, feel and behave 3. Origins of psychology: Philosophy contributions a. Socrates and Plato i. Believed that the mind and body are separate ii. And that all knowledge is innate, we are born knowing everything we know b. Aristotle i. Believed that the mind and body are connected ii. Believed that all knowledge is acquired, we are born with no knowledge and learn after we are born. iii. Knowledge grows from experiences and is stored as memory c. Augustine i. Believed that the mind and body are connected ii. Believed that the body influences the mind, and the mind influences the body 1. i.e. Bile creates irritability 2. Irritating situations create bile. 4. Psychology and Philosophy a. Psychology is very similar to philosophy, however, differs in that psychology is based on empiricism. b. Empiricism: act of obtaining ideas from the senses (observations) 5. Philosophy contributions a. Rene Descartes i. Believed that the mind and body are separate (agreed with Plato and Socrates) ii. Believed that some knowledge is innate iii. Began studying how the mind and body communicate 1. dissected animals brains
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2. Discovered “animal spirits”-the fluid in animal brain cavities. Flows through nerves to control movement etc.
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PSY; Chapter 0; Prologue - Introduction to Psychology 1....

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