9-27_Self-Knowledge_Self-Justification-p

9-27_Self-Knowledge_Self-Justification-p - Chapter 5...

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Chapter 5 – Self-Understanding Chapter 6 – Self-Justification Lecture Notes for 2/9/06
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Revisiting the Self William James (1890) Self-Concept – the “Me” The objective expression of the self The things were call ourselves “Me” as a thing Self-Awareness – the “I” The subjective experience of being How one experiences existence in the present “I” as a perceiver
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Yesterday… Self-schemas Two ways we know ourselves: Introspection: We are not as accurate as we think Can lead to negative consequences or incorrect decisions Observing our behavior Self-perception theory, intrinsic vs. extrinsic motivation and the overjustification effect Schacter’s two-factor theory of emotion Learned helplessness
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Social Comparison (Festinger, 1954) Evaluating one’s opinions and abilities by comparing oneself to others When do we compare? No objective standard Uncertainty With whom do we compare? Initially, anyone who is around Given time, look for an appropriate comparison
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Social Comparison Upward Social Comparison Motivational function Downward social comparison Self-esteem maintenance Norah Jones
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Summary of Self-Understanding We can look inside of ourselves Introspection is limited We can look to our own behavior Informative in some instances only We can compare our performance with others Allows us to be strategic, with a proper comparison
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Chapter 6 – Self-Justification Cognitive dissonance
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2008 for the course PSYCH 221 taught by Professor Signorella,margar during the Fall '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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9-27_Self-Knowledge_Self-Justification-p - Chapter 5...

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