8.05 - Payten Brown 8.05 Trait Theory: Enduring? Your job...

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Payten Brown8.05 Trait Theory: Enduring?Your job is to explain how each of the following schools of psychology would explainRoberto’s personality. You should write at least a paragraph for each school ofpsychology. Be sure to use key concepts from each perspective to support your reasoning.Psychoanalytic/ psychodynamic- According to Freud’s theory, personality developsthrough a series of stages. These stages are characterized by the unique physiologicalinternal conflict. Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality argues thathuman behavior is the result of the interactions among three component parts of themind: the id, ego, and superego. The “structural theory” places great importance on howthe conflicts of the mind shape the personality and behavior. Most of these conflicts areunconscious. If all of the stages are not met, Freud believed there would be a drawback inthe development of the child. This is the case of Roberto. He is believed to not have metall of these important stages, so he would have a personality that is somewhat introverted.Behaviorism- This perspective states that behaviors are a reflection of our personality.Skinner and Rotter are behaviorist theories that formed a slightly different hypotheses.B.F. Skinner believed that differences in our learning experiences are the main reason forour differences in behavior. Our behavior is learned through reinforcement or throughobservations. Roberto could have been taught to remain quiet in his earlier years, makinghis personality more introverted later.Social-cognitive-In this theory, Bandura concluded the concept of observational learningis a main theoretical point of personality. Bandura argued that it provides information ofthe next reinforcement to be given once the behavior is repeated. In contrast, Mischelargued that people only behave in ways that these actions are highly probable to yieldexact same results. Roberto could have been raised around other people that are

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Term
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Psychology, Roberto

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