Chapter 8b - Polar Temperate Tropics Temperate Polar –...

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Tropics Temperate Temperate Polar Polar
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Major terrestrial biomes 30ºN Tropic of Cancer Equator Tropic of Capricorn 30ºS Tropical forest Savanna Desert Chaparral Temperate grassland Temperate broadleaf forest Boreal forest Tundra High mountains Polar ice
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17 Major Biomes 1. Tundras - treeless plains that occur in the harsh climates of low rainfall and low average temperature - two types: artic tundra and alpine tundra - parts have permafrost: permanently frozen ground 2. Taiga or Boreal Forests - includes the forests of the cold climates of high latitudes and high altitudes - dominant life forms including moose and other large mammals, small flowering plants and trees 3. Temperate Dedicious Forests - occur in warmer climates that the boreal forest 4. Temperate Rainforest - moderate temperatures, over 250 cm/year of rain
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5. Temperate Woodlands - Slightly drier climate that the deciduous forests - fire is common and species adapt to it 6. Temperate Shrublands - also called chaparral: miniature woodlands 7. Temperate Grasslands - include many North American parries 8. Tropical Rain Forests
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