Religion Review Midterm II

Religion Review Midterm II - Pentecost The Pentecost is...

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Pentecost The Pentecost is described in Acts 2:1 as a harvest festival in May during which people traveled to Jerusalem to offer the fruits of their labor to God. During the Pentecost the disciples, Mary, and Jesus’ brothers reunited when they were suddenly “filled” with the Holy Spirit via a “wind sound” from the heavens and all were able to speak in other languages. Peter was standing with the other 11 disciples and began to speak with everyone being able to understand him. He spoke of Jesus’ time with them and how he had been crucified and raised by God. Several in the audience, approximately 3000, followed Peter’s orders to repent and were baptized. Earliest Christian Creed Scholars have identified a number of passages in Paul’s letters that probably represent traditions formulated by Christians other than Paul which are preserved by him in his letters and passed on to Corinthian Christians. One such tradition preserved in 1 Corinthians, (AD 53), is a creedal tradition that states clearly, concisely, and carefully the fundamental beliefs and justification of beliefs of the earliest Christians in Jerusalem. The Earliest Christian Creed is dated to somewhere between 30-33 AD and is as follows: For I handed on to you (Corinthian Christians) a tradition of the greatest importance, which I had also received as a tradition: Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures (Jewish old testament), He was buried, He was raised on the third day according to the scriptures, and Antioch-on-the-Orontes A tradition that was formulated by Christians is a hymn to Christ preserved in Paul’s letter to the Philippians and attributed to Christians in Antioch-on-the-Orontes. The church at Antioch represents several firsts—the place where the gospel was first preached to Greeks (Acts 11:20), the place where the name Christians was first used (Acts 11:26), and the place where Paul first entered the historical stage (Acts 11:25-26)— his earlier missionary efforts having been lost. Paul spent a year in Antioch and the title “Master” is used of Jesus there (Acts 11:20). It is also referenced in other literature such as when “Anthia” is taken to Antioch.
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The name “Christians” The church at Antioch is the place where the name Christians was first used (Acts 11:26). Believers began spreading out from Jerusalem as the “hand of the Lord was with them, and a great number became believers.” Barnabas whom was in Jerusalem heard and came to Antioch, found Saul and brought him too. Thus “it was that for an entire year they met with the church and taught a great many people, and it was in Antioch that the disciples were first called “Christians”. Humiliation/exaltation pattern (Quiz #3)
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This note was uploaded on 05/27/2008 for the course REL 121g taught by Professor Hock during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Religion Review Midterm II - Pentecost The Pentecost is...

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