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Unformatted text preview: Phil 2, August 31, 2007 Review: Last time, we formulated three plausible ideas: Hedonism : What is good for us as an end is pleasure, and what is bad for us as an end is pain. Aggregation : The outcome is better if the sum of what is good for each person minus what is bad for each person is greater. Consequentialism : We are morally required to do what would produce the best outcome. When we put these ideas together, we get: Pure Utilitarianism: We are morally required to do what would produce the greatest total of pleasure minus pain. Today, we’ll examine the first idea, Hedonism. Is pleasure the only thing that is good as an end? Some initial doubts: • Thought experiment : Professor Kolodny becomes a slug. • Thought experiment : Hooking yourself up to a pleasure machine. • Would you make this choice? Would that be a good life? • Does this suggest that things besides pleasure might be good as ends? How might Bentham reply? First possible reply: Some pleasures count for more than others simply because of what one takes pleasure in. Pleasures that result from friendships count more than pleasures that result...
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2008 for the course PHIL 2 taught by Professor Kolodny during the Fall '07 term at Berkeley.
- Fall '07