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F07Phil2H4 - Phil 2 September 5 2007 Review According to...

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Phil 2, September 5, 2007 Review: According to Utilitarianism : the morally right thing to do is whatever would produce the greatest sum of pleasure less pain. Utilitariansim is made up of three parts: Hedonism , Aggregation , and Consequentialism . Last time we raised some challenges to Hedonism : the only thing that is good for us as an end is pleasure and the absence of pain. We explored the possibility that other things are good for us as an end. In response to these challenges, a utilitarian might revise this theory. He might replace Hedonism with: Eudaimonism: Several things are good for us ends, including pleasure, the absence of pain, achievement, relationships, self-determination… But this revision carries some cost. What is good for us would no longer be easily quantifiable. And there might be controversies about what is good for us. Challenges to Aggregation: Can things be good without being good for anyone? According to: Aggregation : an outcome is better if the sum of what is good for each of us less what is bad for each of us is greater. Aggregation says: only what is good for us matters.
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