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Unformatted text preview: Phil 2, August 29, 2007 The road to utilitarianism: First conclusion (Hedonism): What is good for us as an end is pleasure, and what is bad for us as an end is pain. The distinction between what is good as a means and what is good as an end: Good as a means : good because of it helps to bring about something else that is good. But this chain of means has to end somewhere. There has to be something that is: Good as an end : good because of what it is in itself and not because of what it brings about. Second conclusion (Aggregation): The outcomewhat happensis better if the sum of what is good for each person minus what is bad for each person is greater. Third conclusion (Consequentialism): We are morally required to do what would produce the best outcome. If we put all three conclusions together, we get: Pure Utilitarianism: We are morally required to do what would produce the greatest total of pleasure minus pain....
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- Fall '07