F07Phil2H7 - Phil 2, September 14, 2007 Utilitarianism and...

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Phil 2, September 14, 2007 Utilitarianism and Singer’s Stronger Principle (or so I speculated) are based on: Consequentialism : We are morally required to produce the best outcome. When we ask: “Which outcome is best?” rather than “Why outcome is best for me ?” we ignore which person we are. We evaluate the outcomes as though we were mere spectators—like the President contemplating the outcome in which the meteor hits the fisherman and the outcome in which the meteor hits L.A.—even if we are the fisherman, or Angelinos. But is Consequentialism true? Problems with Consequentialism: Does it ask us to sacrifice too much? Construction Case : saving someone from harm by suffering a comparable harm Permissive Consequentialism : We are morally required to produce the best outcome, except when we would have to sacrifice too much. * Problems with Consequentialism: Does it tell us to harm others? Transplant Case : harming the one to save the three from natural harm.
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F07Phil2H7 - Phil 2, September 14, 2007 Utilitarianism and...

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