WK10Assgn+Bissell+E - Alzheimers Disease PORTFOLIO ASSIGNMENT EMMA BISSELL BSN RN Alzheimers Disease Pathophysiology Alzheimers disease(AD is the most

WK10Assgn+Bissell+E - Alzheimers Disease PORTFOLIO...

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Alzheimer’s Disease PORTFOLIO ASSIGNMENT EMMA BISSELL, BSN, RN
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Alzheimer’s Disease Pathophysiology Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly (Huether & McCance, 2012). There are three different types of AD(Huether & McCance, 2012). Early-onset AD Early-onset familial AD Late-onset AD The primary cause of AD is still unknown. AD is a neurodegenerative disease caused by a breakdown of neurons leading to brain atrophy (Huether & McCance, 2012). Acetylcholine and other neurotransmitters decrease in production leading to a loss of memory, attention span, and other cognitive function (Huether & McCance, 2012).
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Alzheimer’s Disease
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Alzheimer’s Disease Signs/Symptoms Early signs and symptoms (S/S) are often overlooked and thought to be connected to the normal aging process (Huether & McCance, 2012). AD progression leads to more recognizable S/S: Short-term memory loss Disorientation Confusion Attention span reduced Inability to learn new tasks Trouble finding words Mood changes/mood swings
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Progression of AD (Huether & McCance, 2012) Stage Mild Early Middle Late End Cognitive Some memory loss Recognizable short-term memory loss Moderate to severe cognitive decline Small amount of cognitive ability Language not easily understood No cognitive function Functional Mild depression or anxiety Some problems with completing Independent ADL (IADLS) IADLs become dependent ADLs become a problem ADL dependent on caregiver; incontinent Usually unable to ambulate— may be bed bound Unable to eat
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Alzheimer’s Disease Alterations Depression is an alteration often seen with AD.
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